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Patent Assignment 35 Usc 371

US National Stage Application: The Basics

Let’s begin with the basics of filing a national stage application in the US based on an international PCT application.

When is the US National Stage Deadline?

The deadline to enter the US national phase is 30 months from the priority date. If the deadline has already passed, it may still be possible to file a late US national stage application if the delay was unintentional.

What are the USPTO filing fees for a national stage application?

The minimal USPTO filing fees for a national stage application amount to $740 for a small entity (double for a large entity). This minimum does not include additional fees that may be required, such as for excess claims, multiple dependent claims, application size, late filing of signed inventor declarations, etc. To prevent abandonment, the bare minimum that must be paid with the initial entry is the basic national stage fee which is $140 for a small entity.

What is our initial filing cost estimate for a US national stage application?

Our firm charges a flat attorney’s fee of $570 for filing a US national stage application, not including an IDS or assignment. Therefore, our standard quote for filing a US national stage application for a small entity is $1,360 ($570 + $790 USPTO fee). Additional fees may apply for filing an IDS, assignment or a Preliminary Amendment. Since our service fees are flexible, please inquire about a discount if you or your clients are cost-sensitive.

US National Stage Checklist

Here’s a checklist of basic requirements for a US national stage application:

  • copy of PCT application (required upfront if the PCT application has not yet been published)
  • USPTO fees (basic national stage fee required upfront)
  • whether the applicant is a small entity or large entity (required upfront)
  • names and addresses of inventors and applicant (required upfront; typically available from published PCT application)
  • signed inventor declarations (may be submitted after initial filing)
  • any PCT amendments under Article 19 and/or Article 34 (may be submitted after initial filing)
  • a signed Power of Attorney for the US representative (may be scanned; original not required)
  • English translation of PCT application (may be submitted after initial filing)
  • English translation of any amendments (may be submitted after initial filing)
  • prior art information for filing an Information Disclosure Statement (may be submitted after initial filing)

According to MPEP 1893, a copy of the published PCT application is not required for filing US national stage application if the international application was previously communicated by the International Bureau or was filed in the US Receiving Office: “Pursuant to PCT Rule 93bis(b), the publication of the international application by the International Bureau (and the resulting availability of the published application in a digital library) is considered to effect the required communication of the copy of the international application to the U.S. Designated or Elected Office. Thus, publication of an international application by the International Bureau within 30 months from the priority date is considered to satisfy the requirement of 37 CFR 1.495(b).”

National Stage Entry from Foreign PCT Application

PCT Application In Foreign Language

If the PCT application was filed in a foreign patent office with a non-English specification, an English translation must be filed in the US national stage application. To avoid a surcharge under 37 CFR § 1.492(i) ($70 for a small entity as of post date), an English translation of the international application should be included with the initial filing.

If an applicant does not have enough time to provide an English translation by the 30-month national stage deadline, a copy of the PCT application may be initially filed. Shortly after the national stage entry, the applicant will receive a Notification of Missing Requirements under 35 USC § 371 setting forth a 2-month deadline (or 32 months from priority date, whichever is later) for submitting an English translation of the international application.

Multiple Dependent Claims

If the PCT application contains multiple dependent claims, an initial determination should be made as to whether the multiple dependent claims are in proper format, namely, that no multiple dependent claim depends upon another multiple dependent claim. If the international application contains improper multiple dependent claims, those claims must eventually be amended or deleted.

Proper multiple dependent claims may be kept in a US national stage application, but doing so will incur at least a USPTO multiple dependent claim fee of $410 for a small entity, plus fees for any excess claims above 20 that may result from a final count. Therefore, a business decision should be made before the initial filing as to whether or not to keep proper multiple dependent claims.

Saving USPTO Government Fees by Filing a Preliminary Amendment

Foreign PCT applications tend to have a number of issues best resolved by filing a Preliminary Amendment concurrently with the initial filing or shortly after entry into the US. Avoiding the USPTO multiple dependent claim fee ($820/$410 for large/small entity) and any excess claims fees ($460/$230 for each independent claim in excess of three; $100/$50 for each claim in excess of 20) may alone justify filing a Preliminary Amendment. Other factors that may warrant a Preliminary Amendment may include:

  • Figures that contain unclear drawings or non-English text
  • Multiple dependent claims
  • Abstract exceeding 150 words
  • Total claims in excess of 20
  • Independent claims in excess of 3

National Stage Entry from US PCT Application

If your PCT application was filed with the USPTO, you have the option of filing a national stage application in the US. Chances are that you may have already filed a US non-provisional application and the PCT application was filed to reserve your rights to file in foreign countries. Nonetheless, you also have the option of filing another non-provisional in the US by way of national stage entry. Therefore, think of this option as a continuing application to pursue claims different than those that may exist in a co-pending US application.

An international application designating the U.S. will enter the national stage via the U.S. Designated Office unless a Demand electing the U.S. is filed under PCT Article 31 whereupon entry will be via the U.S. Elected Office.

1893.01(a)(1) Submissions Required by 30 Months from the Priority Date [R-07.2015]

37 CFR 1.495 Entering the national stage in the United States of America.

[Editor Note: Applicable to patent applications filed under 35 U.S.C. 363 on or after September 16, 2012]

  • (a) The applicant in an international application must fulfill the requirements of 35 U.S.C. 371 within the time periods set forth in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section in order to prevent the abandonment of the international application as to the United States of America. The thirty-month time period set forth in paragraphs (b), (c), (d), (e) and (h) of this section may not be extended.
  • (b) To avoid abandonment of the application, the applicant shall furnish to the United States Patent and Trademark Office not later than the expiration of thirty months from the priority date:
    • (1) A copy of the international application, unless it has been previously communicated by the International Bureau or unless it was originally filed in the United States Patent and Trademark Office; and
    • (2) The basic national fee (see § 1.492(a)).
  • (c)
    • (1) If applicant complies with paragraph (b) of this section before expiration of thirty months from the priority date, the Office will notify the applicant if he or she has omitted any of:
      • (i) A translation of the international application, as filed, into the English language, if it was originally filed in another language and if any English language translation of the publication of the international application previously submitted under 35 U.S.C. 154(d)1.417 ) is not also a translation of the international application as filed (35 U.S.C. 371(c)(2));
      • (ii) The inventor’s oath or declaration (35 U.S.C. 371(c)(4) and § 1.497), if a declaration of inventorship in compliance with §1.63 has not been previously submitted in the international application under PCT Rule 4.17(iv) within the time limits provided for in PCT Rule 26ter.1;
      • (iii) The search fee set forth in § 1.492(b);
      • (iv) The examination fee set forth in § 1.492(c); and
      • (v) Any application size fee required by § 1.492(j);
    • (2) A notice under paragraph (c)(1) of this section will set a time period within which applicant must provide any omitted translation, search fee set forth in § 1.492(b), examination fee set forth in § 1.492(c), and any application size fee required by § 1.492(j) in order to avoid abandonment of the application.
    • (3) The inventor’s oath or declaration must also be filed within the period specified in paragraph (c)(2) of this section, except that the filing of the inventor’s oath or declaration may be postponed until the application is otherwise in condition for allowance under the conditions specified in paragraphs (c)(3)(i) through (c)(3)(iii) of this section.
      • (i) The application contains an application data sheet in accordance with § 1.76 filed prior to the expiration of the time period set in any notice under paragraph (c)(1) identifying:
        • (A) Each inventor by his or her legal name;
        • (B) A mailing address where the inventor customarily receives mail, and residence, if an inventor lives at a location which is different from where the inventor customarily receives mail, for each inventor.
      • (ii) The applicant must file each required oath or declaration in compliance with § 1.63, or substitute statement in compliance with § 1.64, no later than the date on which the issue fee for the patent is paid. If the applicant is notified in a notice of allowability that an oath or declaration in compliance with § 1.63, or substitute statement in compliance with § 1.64, executed by or with respect to each named inventor has not been filed, the applicant must file each required oath or declaration in compliance with § 1.63, or substitute statement in compliance with § 1.64, no later than the date on which the issue fee is paid to avoid abandonment. This time period is not extendable under § 1.136 (see § 1.136(c)). The Office may dispense with the notice provided for in paragraph (c)(1) of this section if each required oath or declaration in compliance with § 1.63, or substitute statement in compliance with § 1.64, has been filed before the application is in condition for allowance.
      • (iii) An international application in which the basic national fee under 35 U.S.C. 41(a)(1)(F) has been paid and for which an application data sheet in accordance with § 1.76 has been filed may be treated as complying with 35 U.S.C. 371 for purposes of eighteen-month publication under 35 U.S.C. 122(b) and § 1.211 et seq.
    • (4) The payment of the processing fee set forth in § 1.492(i) is required for acceptance of an English translation later than the expiration of thirty months after the priority date. The payment of the surcharge set forth in § 1.492(h) is required for acceptance of any of the search fee, the examination fee, or the inventor’s oath or declaration after the date of the commencement of the national stage (§ 1.491(a)).
    • (5) A “Sequence Listing” need not be translated if the “Sequence Listing” complies with PCT Rule 12.1(d) and the description complies with PCT Rule 5.2(b).
  • (d) A copy of any amendments to the claims made under PCT Article 19, and a translation of those amendments into English, if they were made in another language, must be furnished not later than the expiration of thirty months from the priority date. Amendments under PCT Article 19 which are not received by the expiration of thirty months from the priority date will be considered to be canceled.
  • (e) A translation into English of any annexes to an international preliminary examination report (if applicable), if the annexes were made in another language must be furnished not later than the expiration of thirty months from the priority date. Translations of the annexes which are not received by the expiration of thirty months from the priority date may be submitted within any period set pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section accompanied by the processing fee set forth in § 1.492(f). Annexes for which translations are not timely received will be considered canceled.
  • (f) Verification of the translation of the international application or any other document pertaining to an international application may be required where it is considered necessary, if the international application or other document was filed in a language other than English.
  • (g) The documents and fees submitted under paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section must be identified as a submission to enter the national stage under 35 U.S.C. 371. If the documents and fees contain conflicting indications as between an application under 35 U.S.C. 111 and a submission to enter the national stage under 35 U.S.C. 371, the documents and fees will be treated as a submission to enter the national stage under 35 U.S.C. 371.
  • (h) An international application becomes abandoned as to the United States thirty months from the priority date if the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section have not been complied with within thirty months from the priority date.

37 CFR 1.495 (pre-AIA) Entering the national stage in the United States of America.

[Editor Note: Applicable to patent applications filed under 35 U.S.C. 363 prior to September 16, 2012]

  • (a) The applicant in an international application must fulfill the requirements of 35 U.S.C. 371 within the time periods set forth in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section in order to prevent the abandonment of the international application as to the United States of America. The thirty-month time period set forth in paragraphs (b), (c), (d), (e) and (h) of this section may not be extended. International applications for which those requirements are timely fulfilled will enter the national stage and obtain an examination as to the patentability of the invention in the United States of America.
  • (b) To avoid abandonment of the application, the applicant shall furnish to the United States Patent and Trademark Office not later than the expiration of thirty months from the priority date:
    • (1) A copy of the international application, unless it has been previously communicated by the International Bureau or unless it was originally filed in the United States Patent and Trademark Office; and
    • (2) The basic national fee (see § 1.492(a)).
  • (c)
    • (1) If applicant complies with paragraph (b) of this section before expiration of thirty months from the priority date, the Office will notify the applicant if he or she has omitted any of:
      • (i) A translation of the international application, as filed, into the English language, if it was originally filed in another language and if any English language translation of the publication of the international application previously submitted under 35 U.S.C. 154(d) (§ 1.417) is not also a translation of the international application as filed (35 U.S.C. 371(c)(2));
      • (ii) The oath or declaration of the inventor (35 U.S.C. 371(c)(4) and § 1.497), if a declaration of inventorship in compliance with § 1.497 has not been previously submitted in the international application under PCT Rule 4.17(iv) within the time limits provided for in PCT Rule 26ter.1;
      • (iii) The search fee set forth in § 1.492(b);
      • (iv) The examination fee set forth in §1.492(c); and
      • (v) Any application size fee required by §1.492(j);
    • (2) A notice under paragraph (c)(1) of this section will set a time period within which applicant must provide any omitted translation, oath or declaration of the inventor, search fee set forth in § 1.492(b), examination fee set forth in § 1.492(c), and any application size fee required by § 1.492(j) in order to avoid abandonment of the application.
    • (3) The payment of the processing fee set forth in § 1.492(i) is required for acceptance of an English translation later than the expiration of thirty months after the priority date. The payment of the surcharge set forth in § 1.492(h) is required for acceptance of any of the search fee, the examination fee, or the oath or declaration of the inventor after the date of the commencement of the national stage (§ 1.491(a)).
    • (4) A “Sequence Listing” need not be translated if the “Sequence Listing” complies with PCT Rule 12.1(d) and the description complies with PCT Rule 5.2(b).
  • (d) A copy of any amendments to the claims made under PCT Article 19, and a translation of those amendments into English, if they were made in another language, must be furnished not later than the expiration of thirty months from the priority date. Amendments under PCT Article 19 which are not received by the expiration of thirty months from the priority date will be considered to be canceled.
  • (e) A translation into English of any annexes to an international preliminary examination report (if applicable), if the annexes were made in another language must be furnished not later than the expiration of thirty months from the priority date. Translations of the annexes which are not received by the expiration of thirty months from the priority date may be submitted within any period set pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section accompanied by the processing fee set forth in § 1.492(f). Annexes for which translations are not timely received will be considered canceled.
  • (f) Verification of the translation of the international application or any other document pertaining to an international application may be required where it is considered necessary, if the international application or other document was filed in a language other than English.
  • (g) The documents and fees submitted under paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section must be clearly identified as a submission to enter the national stage under 35 U.S.C. 371. Otherwise, the submission will be considered as being made under 35 U.S.C. 111(a).
  • (h) An international application becomes abandoned as to the United States thirty months from the priority date if the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section have not been complied with within thirty months from the priority date. If the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section are complied with within thirty months from the priority date but either of any required translation of the international application as filed or the oath or declaration are not timely filed, an international application will become abandoned as to the United States upon expiration of the time period set pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section.

To avoid abandonment of an international application as to the United States, applicant is required to comply with 37 CFR 1.495(b) within 30 months from the priority date. Thus, applicant must pay the basic national fee not later than the expiration of 30 months from the priority date and be sure that a copy of the international application has been received by the U.S. Designated or Elected Office not later than the expiration of 30 months from the priority date. Where the international application was filed with the United States Receiving Office as the competent receiving Office, the copy of the international application referred to in 37 CFR 1.495(b) is not required.

It is preferable to file the required national stage items online using the EFS-Web system (further information regarding EFS-Web is available at www.uspto.gov/ebc/efs_help.html). Applicants may also file these items using the Priority Mail Express® mailing procedure set forth in 37 CFR 1.10. Facsimile transmission is not acceptable for submission of the basic national fee and/or the copy of the international application. See 37 CFR 1.6(d). Likewise, the certificate of mailing procedures of 37 CFR 1.8 do not apply to the filing of the copy of the international application and payment of the basic national fee. See 37 CFR 1.8(a)(2)(i)(F).

Applicants cannot pay the basic national fee with a surcharge after the 30 month deadline. Failure to pay the basic national fee within 30 months from the priority date will result in abandonment of the application. The time for payment of the basic national fee is not extendable.

Similarly, the copy of the international application required under 37 CFR 1.495(b) must be provided within 30 months from the priority date to avoid abandonment. A copy of the international application is published by the International Bureau at about 18 months from the priority date, at which time the published application becomes available to the U.S. Designated or Elected Office in electronic form in a digital library from which the U.S. Designated or Elected Office is entitled to retrieve the application. Pursuant to PCT Rule 93bis(b), the publication of the international application by the International Bureau (and the resulting availability of the published application in a digital library) is considered to effect the required communication of the copy of the international application to the U.S. Designated or Elected Office. Thus, publication of an international application by the International Bureau within 30 months from the priority date is considered to satisfy the requirement of 37 CFR 1.495(b).

Where the basic national fee has been paid and the copy of the international application (if required) has been received not later than the expiration of 30 months from the priority date, but applicant has omitted any required item set forth in 37 CFR 1.495(c)(1), the Office will process the national stage application in accordance with the provisions of 37 CFR 1.495 in effect for that application. As a consequence of the America Invents Act (AIA), 37 CFR 1.495 was amended to permit postponement of the submission of the inventor’s oath or declaration under certain conditions and is applicable to national stage applications having an international filing date on or after September 16, 2012. For national stage applications having an international filing date prior to September 16, 2012, the pre-AIA version of 37 CFR 1.495 remains in effect.

If the international filing date is prior to September 16, 2012 and the basic national fee has been paid and the copy of the international application (if required) has been received not later than the expiration of 30 months from the priority date, but the required oath or declaration, translation, search fee (37 CFR 1.492(b)), examination fee (37 CFR 1.492(c)), or application size fee (37 CFR 1.492(j)) has not been filed prior to commencement of the national stage (see MPEP § 1893.01), the Office will send applicant a notice identifying any deficiency and provide a period of time to correct the deficiency as set forth in 37 CFR 1.495(c). The time period usually set is 2 months from the date of the notification by the Office or 32 months from the priority date, whichever is later. This period may be extended for up to 5 additional months pursuant to the provisions of 37 CFR 1.136(a). Failure to timely file the proper reply to the notification will result in abandonment of the national stage application. The processing fee set forth in 37 CFR 1.492(i) will be required for acceptance of an English translation of the international application later than the expiration of thirty months after the priority date, and the surcharge fee set forth in 37 CFR 1.492(h) will be required for acceptance of any of the search fee, examination fee, or oath or declaration of the inventor after the date of commencement. See pre-AIA 37 CFR 1.495(c)(3).

If the international filing date is on or after September 16, 2012, the filing of the oath or declaration may be postponed until the application is otherwise in condition for allowance if applicants submit an application data sheet in accordance with 37 CFR 1.76 identifying each inventor by his or her legal name, the mailing address where each inventor customarily receives mail, and the residence of each inventor, if the inventor lives at a location which is different from where the inventor customarily receives mail. 37 CFR 1.495(c)(3).

For further information regarding the oath or declaration required under 35 U.S.C. 371(c)(4) and 37 CFR 1.497 see MPEP § 1893.01(e).

For further information regarding the translation required under 35 U.S.C. 371(c)(2) and 37 CFR 1.495(c), see MPEP § 1893.01(d).

1893.01(a)(2) Article 19 Amendment (Filed With the International Bureau) [R-07.2015]

The claims of an international application may be amended under PCT Article 19 after issuance of the search report. The description and drawings may not be amended under PCT Article 19. The amendment is forwarded to the U.S. Designated Office by the International Bureau for inclusion in the U.S. national stage application. Article 19 amendments including a complete claim set in English will be entered by replacing the original English language claims of the international application with the amended claim set. If the Article 19 amendments were made in a language other than English, applicant must provide an English translation for the U.S. national stage application. The Article 19 amendment(s) and the English translation of the amendment(s) must be received by the Office by the date of commencement of the national stage (see MPEP § 1893.01). Otherwise, the amendment(s) will be considered to be canceled, 35 U.S.C. 371(d). If such canceled amendments are desired, they must be offered under 37 CFR 1.121 as a preliminary amendment or a responsive amendment under 37 CFR 1.111. In this regard, the “Transmittal Letter To The United States Designated/Elected Office (DO/EO/US) Concerning A Submission Under 35 U.S.C. 371” (Form PTO-1390) available at www.uspto.gov/forms/ includes a check box by which the applicant may expressly instruct the U.S. Designated/Elected Office not to enter the Article 19 amendment(s) in the United States national stage application.

Article 19 amendments filed before July 1, 2009 were not required to include a complete claim set and the pages of the translation would not have been entered as replacement claim sheets where entry would have resulted in an inconsistency in the flow of the claims from the bottom of one page to the top of the following page. In such situations, applicants are encouraged to submit a preliminary amendment in accordance with 37 CFR 1.121 to obtain entry of the desired changes.

1893.01(a)(3) Article 34 Amendments (Filed with the International Preliminary Examining Authority) [R-07.2015]

Amendments to the international application that were properly made under PCT Article 34 during the international preliminary examination phase (i.e., Chapter II) will be annexed by the International Preliminary Examining Authority to the international preliminary examination report (IPER) and communicated to the elected Offices. See PCT Article 36, PCT Rule 70.16, and MPEP § 1893.03(e). If these annexes are in English, they will normally be entered into the U.S. national stage application by the Office absent a clear instruction by the applicant that the annexes are not to be entered. In this regard, the “Transmittal Letter To The United States Designated/Elected Office (DO/EO/US) Concerning A Submission Under 35 U.S.C. 371” (Form PTO-1390) available at www.uspto.gov/forms/ includes a check box by which the applicant may expressly instruct the U.S. Designated/Elected Office not to enter the Article 34 amendment(s) in the United States national stage application. However, if entry of the replacement sheets will result in an obvious inconsistency in the description, claims or drawings of the international application, then the annexes will not be entered. If the annexes are in a foreign language, a proper translation of the annexes must be furnished to the Office not later than the expiration of 30 months from the priority date, unless a period has been set pursuant to 37 CFR 1.495(c) to furnish an oath or declaration, English translation of the international application, search fee (37 CFR 1.492(b)), examination fee (37 CFR 1.492(c)), or application size fee (37 CFR 1.492(j)), in which case the translations of the annexes, accompanied by the processing fee set forth in 37 CFR 1.492(f), may be submitted within the period set pursuant to 37 CFR 1.495(c). See 37 CFR 1.495(e). Annexes for which translations are not timely received will be considered canceled. Amendments made under PCT Article 34 to the international application after commencement and entry into the U.S. national phase (see MPEP § 1893.01) will not be considered in a U.S. national stage application. However, applicants may still amend the U.S. national stage application by way of a preliminary amendment submitted in accordance with 37 CFR 1.115 and 37 CFR 1.121.

Where an English translation of the annexes is provided, the translation must be such that the translation of the originally filed application can be changed by replacing the originally filed application page(s) (of translation) with substitute page(s) of translation of the annex. Thus, applicant should check to be sure that the English translation can be entered by substituting the pages of translation for corresponding pages of the description or claims of the international application without leaving an inconsistency. If entry of the page of translation causes inconsistencies in the description or claims of the international application the translation will not be entered. Non-entry of the annexes will be indicated on the “NOTICE OF ACCEPTANCE OF APPLICATION UNDER 35 U.S.C. 371 AND 37 CFR 1.495” (Form PCT/DO/EO/903). For example, if the translation of the originally filed application has a page which begins with claim 1 and ends with a first part of claim 2 with the remainder of claim 2 on the next page then translation of the annex to only claim 1 must include a substitute page or pages beginning with the changes to claim 1 and ending with the last of the exact same first part of claim 2. This enables the original translated first page of claims to be replaced by the translation of the annex without changing the subsequent unamended page(s). Alternatively applicant may submit a preliminary amendment in accordance with 37 CFR 1.121. The fact that an amendment made to the international application during the international phase was entered in the national stage application does not necessarily mean that the amendment is proper. Specifically, amendments are not permitted to introduce “new matter” into the application. See PCT Article 34(2)(b). Where it is determined that such amendments introduce new matter into the application, then the examiner should proceed as in the case of regular U.S. national applications filed under 35 U.S.C. 111(a) by requiring removal of the new matter and making any necessary rejections to the claims. See MPEP §§ 608.04 and 2163.06.

1893.01(a)(4) Claim Amendment (Filed With the U.S. Designated or Elected Office) [R-08.2017]

For the manner of making amendments and the required format, see the applicable U.S. regulations, in particular 37 CFR 1.121 and 1.125. One of the requirements for effectively amending claims in a national phase application is a complete listing of all claims ever presented, including the text of all pending and withdrawn claims. The status of every claim in such listing must be indicated after its claim number by one of the following identifiers in a parenthetical expression: (Original), (Currently Amended), (Canceled), (Withdrawn), (Previously Presented), (New), and (Not Entered). All “currently amended” claims must include markings to indicate the changes made relative to the immediate prior version of the claims: underlining to indicate additions, strike-through or double brackets for deletions (see 37 CFR 1.121(c) for further details regarding the format of claim amendments). Applicants should note that, in an amendment to the claims filed in a national phase application, the status identifier “original” must be used for claims that had been presented on the international filing date and not modified or canceled. The status identifier “previously presented” must be used in any amendment submitted during the national phase for any claims added or modified under PCT Articles 19 or 34 in the international phase that were subsequently entered in the national phase. The status identifier “canceled” must be used in any amendment submitted during the national phase for any claims canceled under a PCT Article 19 or 34 amendment in the international phase and subsequently entered in the national phase.

Example 1: Original claims 1-10; Article 19/34 filed with claims 1-20 listed on the replacement sheet wherein claims 1-10 were unchanged and claims 11-20 were added; the status of the claims prior to any further amendment under 37 CFR 1.121 would be as follows: claims 1-10 as “original” and claims 11-20 as “previously presented.”