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Vladimir Minorsky Bibliography Website

MINORSKY, Vladimir Fed’orovich (1877-1966), outstanding Russian scholar of Persian history, historical geography, literature and culture, who worked on a very broad canvas, with contributions of substantial value in the related fields of Turkish, Mongol, Caucasian, Armenian, and Byzantine studies, where they touched on Persian studies in the broad sense. Backed by formidable linguistic expertise in both European and Islamic languages, Minorsky’s interests enabled him to range across Eastern Europe to Inner Asia, from the origins of the Rus to Mongol administrative and financial innovations in Eastern Islamic society, on the same scale as such of his predecessors as Josef Marquart/Markwart and Wilhelm Barthold/Vasili Vladimirovich Bart’old; but it was the Persian world, in all its richness and distinctiveness of culture, that remained at the heart of his multi-faceted endeavors. Thus he wrote in the Foreword to a collection of his articles (Minorsky, 1964, p. vii), looking back over a life of eighty-six years, that “Despite the variety of problems which have attracted my attention, Iranian subject stand definitely in the forefront of my interests.” The lands beyond Iran, from Anatolia to Central Asia and India, interested him as well, for, he continued, “Iran, its history and its literature have ever been linked with the life of many peoples both near and far, and I have often been tempted to trace these contacts and interactions.”

Life. Minorsky was born on 5 February 1877 at Korcheva to the northwest of Moscow on the Upper Volga, a town which has now been submerged in the Moscow Sea. He was educated in Moscow, entering Moscow University to study law and, after graduating in 1900, entered the Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages with a view to following a diplomatic career in the East and, for the next three years, studied with such scholars as A. E. Krimsky, Baron R. von Stackelberg, and V. V. Miller. During this time, he paid his first visit to Persia and this awakened what was to be a special interest of his, the role of the Kurds within Iranian culture. Edward G. Browne’s researches on the Bābis and Bahāʾis had attracted considerable scholarly interest, and the young Minorsky now became intrigued by another esoteric sect of Iran the Ahl-e Ḥaqq or ʿAli-Allāhis in Kurdistan. In 1911 he produced a monograph on this elusive group for which he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Ethnography Section of the Imperial Society of Natural Sciences in Moscow. In 1903 he entered the Imperial Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and between 1904 and 1908 he served in the Tabriz Consulate-General and then the Tehran Legation. Tabriz was at this time a center for the democratic and nationalist enthusiasm embodied in the Constitutional Movement (see CONSTITUTIONAL REVOLUTION), and it was there that he met and began a lifelong friendship with the politician and scholar Sayyed Ḥasan Taqizāda (q.v.) and, over fifty years later, he was to contribute an article to the latter’s Festschrift. In 1908 he was back in Russia at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in St. Petersburg, and through contacts with the Oriental Section of the Imperial Academy of Science, met Barthold, whose disciple Minorsky was always proud to consider himself. Later in life, he continued the work begun by Barthold on the Tumansky manuscript of the Ḥodud al-ʿālam (see below) and, in collaboration with his wife, made available to non-Russophones various works of Barthold in English translations (Four Studies on the History of Central Asia, 3 vols., Leiden, 1956-62).

He had a year at Tashkent in Central Asia, and then from 1911 to 1914 was back in Persia and eventually served on the Four-Power (British, Russian, Turkish, and Persian) Commission to delimit the Turco-Persian border, from near Mount Ararat in the north to the head of the Persian Gulf at Moḥammera, the present-day Ḵorramšahr (q.v.). This period was of formative importance for Minorsky, since he was able to familiarize himself with the topography and historical geography of this rugged, then little-known mountain region, and material from this storehouse of knowledge went into the work, Materialï dlya izucheniya vostoka (Materials for the Study of the East), published by the Imperial Russian Ministry of Foreign affairs (fasc. 2, St. Petersburg, 1915), of which Minorsky wrote the greater part. He also acquired a knowledge of Kurdish and of the Kurdish people, and the study of this people and their language were to be a major interest of his all through his life, culminating in the detailed sections he wrote on Kurdish history for the Encyclopedia of Islam. He was able subsequently to draw upon topographical, ethnological, and linguistic materials recorded at this time. Thus over forty years later, he was able to identify the fortress Paswē with the ancient Parsua, towards which the Assyrian King Sargon II states that he had “descended” (1957, p. 79). Likewise, the linguistic material he had gathered in northwestern Persia when he was attached to the Russian Legation in Tehran as First Secretary and then Chargé d’Affaires (1915-17) went, over two decades later, into his article on the dialect of the Khalaj. It was a pioneering study of this isolated archaic Turkish dialect that paved the way for the subsequent important linguistic studies on Khalaj language by Gerhard Doerfer. Accompanying him on this survey work was his wife, Tatiana Shebunina (d. 1987), the granddaughter of the Turkish scholar V. D. Smirnov; in later life Mrs. Minorsky was to be her husband’s helpmate in his academic work as collaborator, translator, proof reader, compiler of indexes and amanuensis, especially when, in his last years, his sight was failing.

The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 made it impossible for him to return to war-torn Russia, and in 1919 the Minorskys settled in Paris, where his expertise in Middle Eastern and Caucasian affairs was much in demand during the drawing-up of the Versailes and Trianon peace settlements. He produced a stream of articles on contemporary topics in the field of international affairs, while maintaining his strictly academic interests. These rventually led him in 1923 to take up teaching Persian and then Turkish and Middle East history at the École Nationale de Langues Orientales Vivantes, and this marks formally the transition from his career as a man of public affairs in Russia and France to that of the academic scholar in France and England. He now began producing a series of articles in the first edition of the Encylopedia of Islam, many of considerable length and often embodying his on-the-spot topographical knowledge of Persia and the Caucasus; their authoritativeness has meant that many were reprinted, with minimal updating and modification in the second edition of that Encyclopedia.

Minorsky’s connection with Britain, where he was to spend the last, most productive thirty-four years of his life, began in 1930, when he was appointed Oriental Secretary to the International Persian Art Exhibition that was held in London in early 1931 under the patronage of the then ruler of Persia, Reżā Shah Pahlavi. As part of his duties, he enlarged his sphere of interest, lecturing and writing at this time on Persian art, since Persian art and book production and codicology, though never in the forefront of his interests and sphere of competence, were for him an integral part of the continuum of Persian culture, one closely connected, through manuscripts and book illustrations, with Persian history and literature. Later in his career, he produced a catalogue of the Turkish manuscripts and miniatures in the Chester Beatty Library (1958) and a translation of Golestān-e honar, an important work on calligraphy by the Safavid artist Qāżi Aḥmad b. Mir Monši (tr. as Calligraphers and Painters, Washington, D. C., 1959).

The first Director of the School of Oriental Studies in London, Eward Denison Ross (q.v.), had met the Minorskys on the continent of Europe and in the Middle East on several occasions (see Ross, pp. 183, 191, 225), and in 1932 he invited Minorsky to take up a post at the School, where, from 1933 until his retirement at the statutory age of sixty-seven in 1944, he was successively Lecturer, Reader and then Professor of Persian. At the outbreak of the Second World War, the School was evacuated to Cambridge, and it was there that the Minorskys chose to spend their retirement, apart from a year (1948-49) spent at Foʾād al-Awwal University in Cairo as visiting professor. Although Minorsky’s own academic standards were austere and uncompromising, he was always happy to impart and share his vast knowledge with those who sought his assistance or advice. The Minorskys’ house in Bateman Street became a mecca for visiting scholars and students. He had always been especially helpful to Persian scholars whom he had met in France and then Britain; the late Mojtabā Minovi recalled how he first met Minorsky in Paris in 1929 at the house of the great scholar Mirzā Moḥammad Qazvini (q.v.) and how Minorsky then initiated him into the mysteries of using the Bibliothéque Nationale and introduced him to Western classical music by taking him to a performance of Borodin’s Prince Igor and explaining the opera to him (Minovi, p. 9; Boyle, p. 89).

These years at Cambridge continued to be ones of intense academic productivity (see below), in which many academic honors came to him. But especially gratifying to one who had never ceased, through all his years of exile, to be a fervent Russian patriot (his Taḏkerat al-moluk edition and translation [see below] had in 1942, the time of the siege of Leningrad, been dedicated to “The Soviet orientalists in their ordeal”) was an invitation in 1960 from the Soviet Academy of Sciences to attend the meeting of the Twenty-Third International Congress of Orientalists in Moscow, where he received a triumphant welcome after an absence from Russian soil of over four decades. After his death, almost a nonagenarian, on 25 March 1966, Mrs. Minorsky took his ashes for interment in the historic Novodevichy Monastery cemetery in Moscow, one reserved exclusively for outstanding artists, literary men, composers, scholars, etc., and the greater part of his rich personal library went to Leningrad, whose oriental holdings had suffered much loss during the siege of 1942-43.

Achievements. Minorsky’s academic output was prodigious, stretching from a Russian translation of part of Theodore Nöldeke’s Die semitische Sprachen, eine Skizze (Moscow, 1903), when he was still a student, to the posthumous “A Greek Crossing on the Oxus” (BSO(A)S 30, 1967, pp. 45-53). The bibliography, prefixed to his Iranica: Twenty Articles, runs to 209 items going up to 1962, and these include some eleven books and monographs, most of them of seminal importance. His translation of the anonymous Persian geography, written for the author’s patron, a local ruler of Guzgān in northwestern Afghanistan, the Ḥodud al-ʿālam, with Minorsky’s immensely detailed and erudite commentary (1937), would alone have made the reputation of a great scholar. It involved dealing with a work whose purview extended far beyond the Islamic world, to Western Europe, East Africa, Central Asia, Siberia and China, a circumstance that would easily lead copyists to introduce corruptions when dealing with names alien to them. These Minorsky set himself to correct as far as possible and to elucidate, and it is relevant here to quote the words of Ilya Gershevitch (q.v.), a noted scholar of Iranian studies: “It was in this book that he displayed for the first time on a massive scale his unique skill in emending corrupt place names. There was a touch of magic in the emergence of a suitable toponym from an incomprehensible sequence of letters after his deletion, addition, or shifting of a dot or two, the coaxing of a dāl into a position, the eversion of a ḡayn to ḵā or the straightening of a kāf to lām (p. 53). Minorsky noted that he had spent six or seven years on it, and that his wife had prepared some 4,500 cards for the indexes and had typed revised texts of some chapters up to four or five times. A new edition, edited by Clifford E. Bosworth (London, 1970), incorporated two series of Addenda by Minorsky plus comments and suggestions by Manučehr Sotuda in his edition of the Persian text (Tehran, 1961). The twelve maps in the work remain especially valuable for the historical geography of the Pamirs region and for Transoxania and the Turkish lands further north.

The horizons opened up by this book were extended by Minorsky, once more employing his techniques, this time for the felicitous interpretation of difficult, little-known Arabic texts dealing with the historical geography, ethnology, and religions of Inner Asia, the Indian subcontinent, and the Far East. In his Sharaf al-Zamān Ṭāhir Marvazī on China, the Turks and India (London, 1942), Minorsky utilized part of the recently-discovered manuscript of the Ṭabāeʿ al-ḥayawān of this early 6th/12th-century author, editing the relevant parts of the text, and reproducing them in his own attractive Arabic calligraphy. In the very detailed commentary, he was again dealing with parts of the world beyond the Islamic world (Dār-al-Eslām), whose personal, tribal, and place names must have tried the patience of copyists sorely. Minorsky did not hesitate to contact specialist colleagues, such as Gustav Haloun on Chinese history and Larry D. Barnett and Harold W. Bailey for Indian ethnology and faiths, the result being once more remarkably impressive. He continued to be interested in the cultures and faiths of the subcontinent, and a few years after this he dedicated to Barnett a translation and commentary of the section on India in the Zayn al-aḵbār by the Ghaznavid author ʿAbd-al-Ḥayy Gardizi ("Gardīzī on India,” BSO(A)S 12, 1948, pp. 625-40). On a slightly lesser scale, but equally displaying his erudition and intuitive powers of making sense of difficult and corrupt texts, was his edition, translation and commentary of the Second Resāla of the extravagant Arabic littérateur and traveler, Abu Dolaf Yanboʿi Ḵazraji (as Abū Dulaf Misʿar ibn Mulhalhil’s Travels in Iran [circa A. D. 950], Cairo, 1955). The Resāl \(Treatise) deals with the writer’s journeys across northwestern Persia, giving an impression of veracity and first-hand knowledge absent from his first Resāla, purporting to describe the author’s travels through the lands of the Turks to China. In his wide-ranging commentary, Minorsky followed the model established in the commentary to the Ḥodud al-ʿālam translation.

In these and similar works, Minorsky applied to Islamic texts the principles familiar from Greek and Latin scholarship; his judgments, though often inspired and strikingly original, were always firmly based on what was a reasonable interpretation of Islamic authors’ knowledge in their times. With these three books alone, he vastly enlarged our knowledge of the historical geography and ethnology of the fringes of the medieval Islamic world and beyond, for which, it had been assumed, there was no reliable Islamic information and which were, in the case of the early Turkish and Mongol peoples of Inner Asia, doomed largely to remain terrae incognitae and gentes incognitae. Minorsky’s techniques in these works and in those on Persian history, illustrate how in general he followed the positivist methods of Barthold, and, like his great predecessor, he had a mistrust of grandiloquent, continent-ranging explanations for historical phenomena, holding that there was far too much spadework to be done before meaningful syntheses and generalizations could be made; in this sense, Minorsky was the antithesis of an Oswald Spengler or Arnold Toynbee.

From the regions covered in these first two works, Minorsky, in the 1950s, turned his attention to another obscurely-known region on the edge of the Islamic ecumene, the Caucasus, again proceeding from a basis of either recently-discovered or hitherto little-known and unexploited texts. His A History of Sharvān and Darband (1958) was built around a section in the late Ottoman Turkish author Monajjem-bāši’s Jāmeʿ al-dowal on the history of the eastern Caucasus, including the highland region of Daghestan and the valleys of the Kur and Araxes (Aras) rivers, and their petty dynasties, Muslim and Christian, for which the 18th-century author apparently drew on a lost Taʾriḵ al-Bāb of about 1100 C.E. Again, Minorsky provided an edited Arabic text, translation, and detailed commentary on the historical geography and ethnology of the region; it is largely from this work of his that we know at least something of the history and chronology of the (originally Arab) Yazidi Šarvānšāhs, hitherto known only sketchily from the Persian-language Darband-nāma (for which see DĀḠESTĀN i). This book of Minorsky had been preceded by his Studies in Caucasian History (London, 1953), in which Minorsky first utilized material from Monajjem -bāšipertaining to eastern Armenia, Arrān and northern Azerbaijan, and their local Muslim dynasties, and especially on the Shaddadids of Ganja and Āni in Arrān and their relations with adjacent Armenian princes and the Byzantine Empire. These Shaddadids were of Kurdish origin, and the third study in the book is devoted to uncovering the hitherto little-recognized origins of the Ayyubid Ṣalāḥ-al-Din/Saladin, in the Haḏbāni Kurds of the Dvin district; accordingly, we must now view Ṣalāḥ-al-Din as undoubtedly culturally and politically Arabized, but ethnically a Kurd. Further aspects of Caucasian history, specifically with information on Georgian and Armenian vassals of the Muslim presence in eastern Anatolia and Caucasia, were covered in a series of articles to which he gave the general title of “Caucasica I-IV” (BSO(A)S 13-15, 1949-53).

Minorsky’s interest here in a Kurdish dynasty, the Shaddadids, illustrates another of his wider concerns in the history of the Iranian world: an interest in its transition periods, often neglected in comparison with the more splendid and eye-catching achievements of states and empires. Hence he conceived one of his tasks as being that of bringing into the light of critical examination lesser-known peoples on the fringes of the Persian heartland, above all, these Kurds and the Jilites and Daylamites of the Alborz region. Quite early in his career he had produced a short monograph, La domination des Daïlamites (Paris, 1932), which threw into relief what he called “the Iranian intermezzo,” the period of the 10th and 11th centuries, when local powers from peoples like Kurds, Lors and Daylamites dominated western and northern Persia, where Arab domination had preceded and Saljuq Turkish domination was to follow. He held that this interlude had a significance in the formation of Persian national culture and ethos which deserved to be highlighted as much as the better-known renaissance of New Persian language and literature under dynasties of the Iranian East like the Samanids, to which it was a sequel (see the section, “The Iranian Intermezzo,” in his Studies in Caucasian History, pp. 110-16).

Nevertheless, the well-known New Persian renaissance in Khorasan was not neglected by him, and in an important article on the old preface to the Shāh-nāma (1956a), he highlighted the role of the mid-10th century “marcher lord [of the East]” (kanārang) of Ṭus, Abu Manṣur Moḥammad b. ʿAbd-al-Razzāq (q.v.), who apparently commissioned translations of the Iranian national epic from the Pahlavi into New Persian, which Ferdowsi (who certainly in his early years knew Abu Manṣur) worked up into his Šāh-nāma. Minorsky’s view of Iranian culture was a whole one. His forays into art history have been mentioned above, but he had a great empathy for Persian literature, especially its poetry, and his publication in the field of literary history were not felt by him as marginal to his main concentration on history and historical geography but as part of a whole, the elucidation of the unfolding of Iranian life and culture in the widest sense. He wrote the article on ʿOmar Ḵayyām for the Encyclopaedia Britannica and wrote and important study on the notoriously difficult poet Afżal-al-Din Ḵāqāni Šarvāni of the late Seljuq period, whose verse Minorsky nevertheless found provocative and highly stimulating (“At the risk of being accused of heresy I confess that, after this full-blooded speech, the mellowed but emasculated vocabulary of the followers of Ḥāfiẓ loses some of its lustre”; Minorsky, 1943-46, p. 553). One can readily deduce that Minorsky liked a challenge and was attracted by authors and works that were away from the well-trodden mainstream of literary history, often thereby bringing fresh insights into the culture of the times in question. Thus in two articles he rescued from near-oblivion the obscure, mid-13th century satirist of Jām in Khorasan, Tāj-al-Din Pur-e Bahā, whose poetry shows how new Mongol administrative and financial practices affected the everyday life of the Persian people; also, their reflection of the ferment of new ideas and elements entering the Persian language of the time made these poems significant, so Minorsky thought, in that they were “a discreet warning against too abstract an approach to Persian poetry” (Minorsky, 1956b-c). Most important of all, however, in this literary field was Minorsky’s studies (which may be characterized as detective work) of the long narrative poem by Faḵr-al-Din Asʿad Gorgāni on the love between the queen Vis, wife of the king of Marv, and her brother-in-law Rāmin. The poem (which is vaguely reminiscent of the Celtic romance of Tristan and Isolde set in Cornwall and Brittany, but can hardly have any connection with it) has a background of the northern parts of Persia, and by a detailed and searching analysis of the poem and its setting, Minorsky concluded that, from its generally pre-Islamic atmosphere, the geographical background and the personal names in it, the tale went back to Parthian times and that its characters had origins in known personages of the Arsacid royal house and nobility.

Moving onwards chronologically and into the mainstream of Persian history, he added two further articles on the period of Mongol domination in Persia (13th and early 14th centuries) to his two articles on Pur-e Bahā poetry, collectively called “Mongolica 1-4”; the first of these, “Mongol Place-Names in Mukri Kurdistan,” drew, as noted above, on topographical material collected in the field four decades previously.

The domination of the Mongol Il-Khanids merged into that of the Timurids and various provincial powers across Persia. Minorsky devoted particular attention to these of the later 14th and 15th centuries as a rather neglected period of Persian history sandwiched between the upheavals of the Saljuq and Mongol periods on one side and the eventual consolidation of a Persian national state and a Shiʿite religious institution and ethos under the Safavids on the other. On analogy with the earlier “Daylami intermezzo,” he styled this the “Turkmen interlude,” and he produced from 1938 onwards a series of eleven articles on this period with the overall title of “Turkmenica.” Several of these articles dealt with the administrative and military organization of the Qara Qoyunlu and Aq Qoyunlu lines, who dominated the Persian lands and extensive territories further west after the death of Timur. He considered the culmination of this series to be his abridged translation of Fażl-Allāh Ḵonji’s Tāriḵ-e ʿālamārā-ye amini (as Persia in A.D. 1478-1490, London, 1957), which he did at the age of eighty. Thirty-five years later, his translation provided the basis for John E. Woods’ impressive edition of the Persian text of Ḵonji’s work and his revised and annotated version of Minorsky’s original (London, 1992).

From the Aq Qoyunlu of the “Turkmen interlude” in Iranian history to the succeeding Safavids was but a short step, and Minorsky in fact termed this last “the third stage of the Turcoman dominion in Persia” (Tadhkirat al-mulūk, p. 30). Concerning the new dynasty, he wrote on the Turkish verse written by the Safavid founder, Shah Esmāʿil I, under the pen-name of Ḵaṭāʾi (with the Turkish text written out again in his own Arabic script). His main work on the Safavid period, however, was a facsimile edition and translation of Mirzā Samiʿā’s Taḏkerat al-moluk, a work written for the Ghalzay Afghan leader Ašraf, who ruled Persia in the years 1725-29. Regarding as of little use a translation pure and simple of this text, written in a rather indifferent, jerky Persian style and bristling with technical terms of the administrative departments (divāns) and the army, which were largely absent from the standard dictionaries, Minorsky conceived his task here as the elucidation of these terms, with the aid of the rather exiguous Persian historical sources and the body of travel accounts left by European visitors to the Safavid lands in the 17th and early 18th centuries. The result is a solid edifice, not only of administrative and military practice (rather than of theory, such as what the “Mirrors for Princes” provide) but also of the social and economic structures underpinning the Safavid state. For some time after Minorsky’s work, the Taḏkerat al-moluk, supplemented by the surviving archival material of the period, has formed the basic source for our knowledge of how the Safavid state was constructed and functioned, and was extensively utilized by such scholars as Hans Robert Roemer, Heribert Busse, Klaus Röhrborn, Roger M. Savory, and John R. Perry. Only subsequently has a parallel Safavid work (probably written in the early 1720s), the Dastur al-moluk of Mirzā Rafiʿā Anṣāri, extant in a Tehran manuscript, become fully known and studied, and has been shown to be the possible basis of the slightly later Taḏkerat al-moluk (see Marcinkowski’s tr., Intro., pp. 1-60).

 

Bibliography:

The principal sources for Minorsky’s life are in his obituaries by John A. Boyle, Journal of Asian History 1, 1967, pp. 86-89; Ilya Gershevitch, JRAS, 1967, pp. 53-57; D. M. Lang, BSO(A)S 29, 1966, pp. 694-99; Laurence Lockhart, Indo-Iranica 20, 1967, p. 2; L. Robert and H. Massé, “Discourse ... à l’occasion de la mort de M. Vladimir Minorsky, Associé étranger de l’Académie, Institut de France,” Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, Paris, 1966, pp. 1-5.

See also Clifford E. Bosworth, ed., Iran and Islam: In Memory of the Late Vladimir Minorsky, Edinburgh, 1971, pp. v-ix.

Idem, “Vladimir Fed’orovich Minorsky,” in A Century of British Orientalists 1902-2001, pp. 202-18.

Idem, “V. F. Minorsky,” in The New Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford, 2004 (forthcoming).

Mojtabā Minovi, “Yād-e ... Minorski,” Rāhnemā-ye ketāb 9, 1966, pp. 9-15.

Mojtabā Minavi and Iran Afšār, eds., Yād-nāma-ye Minorsky, Tehran, 1969.

Sayyed Ḥasan Taqizāda, “Dar reṯā-ye Minorsky,” Rāhnemā-ye ketāb 9,1966, pp. 3-8.

Vladmir Minorsky, “Kurds, Kurdistān. History A: Origins and Pre-Islamic History,” in EI2 V, pp. 447-49.

Idem, “Kurds, Kurdistān. History B: The Islamic Period up to 1920,” ibid., pp. 449-64.

Idem, Notes sur la secte des Ahlé Haqq, Paris, 1922; originally published in RMM 40, 1920, pp. 20-97; 45, 1921, pp. 205-302.

Idem, “Études sur les Ahl-i Haqq, I Toumari’,” Revue de l’histoire des religions 97/1, 1928, pp. 90-105.

Idem, La domination des Daïlamites, Paris, 1932; repr. in idem, 1964, pp. 12-30.

Idem, tr., Ḥodud al-ʿālam’The Regions of the World,’ Gibb Memorial Series, N.S. 11, London, 1937.

Idem, “The Poetry of Shāh Ismāʿīl I,” BSO(A)S 10, 1940-42, pp. 1006a-1053a.

Idem, “The Turkish Dialect of the Khalaj,” BSO(A)S 10, 1940-42, pp. 417-37.

Idem, “Vīs u Rāmīn, A Parthian Romance,” BSO(A)S, 11, 1943-46, pp. 741-63; 12, 1947-48, pp. 20-35; 16, 1954, pp. 91-92; 25, 1962, pp. 275-86; considerably revised and updated version in idem, 1964,pp. 151-99.

Idem, “Khāqānī and Andronicus Comnenus,” BSO(A)S 11, 1943-46, pp. 550-78; repr. in idem, 1964, pp. 120-50; tr. with commentaries by ʿAbd-al-Ḥosayn Zarrinkub, in FIZ 1, 1953, pp. 111-88.

Idem, Studies in Caucasian History, London, 1953 (with the Arabic text and tr. of the chapter on the Shaddadids in Monajjem-bāši’s Jāmeʿ al-dowal).

Idem, “The Older Preface to the Shāh-nāma,” in Studi orientalistici in onore de Giorgio Levi Della Vida, 2 vols., Rome, 1956a, II, pp. 159-79; repr. in idem, 1964, pp. 260-73.

Idem, “Pūr -iBahā’s ’Mongol’ Ode,” BSO(A)S 18, 1956b, pp. 261-78.

Idem, “Pūr -iBahā and His Poems,” in Felix Tauer, Vera Kubíčová, and Ivan Hrbe, eds., Charisteria orientalia praecipue ad Persiam pertinentia, Festschrift for Jan Rypka, Prague, 1956c, pp. 186-201.

Idem, “Mongol Place-Names in Mukri Kurdistan,” BSO(A)S 19, 1957, pp. 58-81.

Idem, The Chester Beatty Library: A Catalogue of the Turkish Manuscripts and Miniatures, Dublin, 1958.

Idem, A History of Sharvān and Darband in the 10th-11th Centuries, Cambridge, 1958.

Idem, “Ibn Farīghūn and the Ḥudūd al-ʿĀlam,” in Walter B. Henning and Ehsan Yarshater, eds., A Locust’s Leg: Studies in Honour of S. H. Taqizadeh, London, 1962, pp. 189-96.

Idem, Iranica: Twenty Articles/Bist maqāla-ye Minorsky, Tehran, 1964.

Mirzā Rafiʿā Moḥammad-Rafiʿ Anṣāri, Dastur al-moluk, ed. Moḥammad-Taqi Dānešpažuh, in MDAT 16, 1968-69, pp. 62-93, 298-322, 416-40, 540-64; Russ. tr. A. B. Vil’danova, Tashkent, 1991; facs. ed. and annotated tr. M. I., Marcinkowski as Mīrzā Rafīʿā’sDastūr al-mulūk: A Manual of Later Safavid Administration,Kuala Lumpur, 2002).

E. Denison Ross, Both Ends of the Candle, London, 1948. Mirzā Samiʿā, Taḏkerat al-moluk, facs. ed. and tr. V. Minorsky as Tadhkirat al-mulūk: A Manual of Safavid Administration(ca. 1137/1725), London, 1943.

(C. E. Bosworth)

Originally Published: July 20, 2004

Last Updated: July 20, 2004

Collected and categorized by Prof. Houchang E. Chehabi


(Reformatted for the web version by M. Yahyanejad)
  • BIBLIOGRAPHIES
  • GENERAL
  • TRAVELOGUES
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  • LAW
  • LITERATURE
  • MEDICINE, PUBLIC HEALTH, DRUGS, PSYCHIATRY, SEX
  • MUSIC
  • NAMES
  • PRESS AND MEDIA
  • POLITICAL CULTURE
  • RELIGIONS OTHER THAN SHI'ISM
  • SCIENCE
  • SHI`ISM
  • SLAVERY
  • SOCIETY AND SOCIAL HISTORY
  • SPORTS AND GAMES
  • THEATER, DANCE, AND CINEMA
  • TRANSPORTATION
  • WOMEN AND GENDER ISSUES
  • GENERAL



BIBLIOGRAPHIES



Frédy Bémont, Répertoire analytique et critique de 225 ouvrages relatifs à l'Iran (Paris, 1973).

L.P. Elwell Sutton, Bibliographical Guide to Iran (Barnes and Noble, 1983).

H.F. Farman, Iran: A Selected and Annotated Bibliography (Washington, 1951).

Cyrus Ghani, Iran and the West: A Critical Bibliography (London and New York, 1987).

Dariush Gitisetan, Iran, politics and government under the Pahlavis: an annotated bibliography (London: Scarecrew, 1985).

Asghar K_zemi, Fehrest-e ket_bh_-ye _lm_ni - Iran Bibliographie.

Keith McLachlan and Richard N. Schofield, A Bibliography of the Iran Iraq Borderland (Cambridge, UK: MENAS Press, 1987).

Shoko Okazaki and Kinji Eura, Bibliography of Qajar Persia (Osaka: Osaka University of Foreign Studies, 1985). 163 pp.

Angelo Piemontese Bibliografia italiana dell'Iran (Naples: Officine grafiche napoletane F. Giannini & Figli, 1982). 2 volumes. 947 pp.

Sir A.T. Wilson, A Bibliography of Persia (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1930).


GENERAL



Mohammed Amjad, Iran: From Royal Dictatorship to Theocracy (New York: Greenwood Press, 1989).

Arberry, Islamic Civilization.

Ahmad Ashraf, "Historical Obstacles to the Development of a Bourgeoisie in Iran," in M.A. Cook, ed., Studies in the Economic History of the Middle East from the Rise of Islam to the Present Day (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978).

Peter Avery, Modern Iran (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1965).

Fakhreddin Azimi, "On Shaky Grounds: Concerning the Absence or Weakness of Political Parties," Iranian Studies 30:1-2 (Winter-Spring 1997): 53-75.

Frédy Bémont, L'Iran devant le progrès (Paris: P.U.F., 1964).

A. Bonifacio, "Grands aspects géographiques de l'Iran," La civilisation iranienne (Paris: Payot, 1952), pp. 11-31.

C.E. Bosworth, ed., Iran and Islam: In Memory of the Late Vladimir Minorsky (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1971)

Peter Christensen, trans. Steven Sampson, The Decline of Iranshahr: Irrigation and Environments in the History of the Middle East, 500 B.C. to A.D. 1500 (Odense: Museum Tusculanum Press, University of Copenhagen, 1993). 351 pp.

Elton L. Daniel, The History of Iran (Westport: Greenwood Press, 2001).

John Foran, Fragile Resistance: Social Transformation in Iran from 1500 to the Revolution (Boulder: Westview, 1993).

John Foran, "A Century of Revolution: Comparative, Historical, and Theoretical Perspectives on Social Movements in Iran," in John Foran, ed., A Century of Revolution: Social Movements in Iran

(Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994), pp. 223-238.

Bert G. Fragner, "The Concept of Regionalism in Historical Research on Central Asia and Iran (A Macro-Historical Interpretation)," in Devin DeWeese, ed., Studies in Central Asian History in Honor of Yuri Bregel (Bloomington: Indiana University Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies, 2001), pp. 341-354.

Bert G. Fragner, Die Persophonie: Regionalität, Identität und Sprachkontakt in der Geschichte Asiens (Berlin: Das Arabische Buch, n.d.).

Richard N. Frye, ed., Islam and the West.

Richard N. Frye, Persia (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1968).

Richard N. Frye, "Persia in the Mind of the West," Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 14:4 (October 2003): 403-406.

Richard Hovannisian and Georges Sabagh, eds., The Persian Presence in the Islamic World (Cambridge: CUP, 1998).

E. Ingram, ed. National and International Politics in the Middle East (London: Frank Cass, 1986).

Mehdi Jamshidian, "Bureaucracy in Iran: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives." Citation: DAI 1981 42(3): 1308 A. 8119941 Publication: Claremont Grad. School 1981. 133 pp.

Homa Katouzian, Iranian History and Politics: The Dialectics of State and Society (London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003). 263 pp. Compilation of previously published articles.

Nikki R. Keddie, "Religion, Society, and Revolution in Modern Iran," in Michael E. Bonine and Nikki R. Keddie, eds., Modern Iran: The Dialectics of Continuity and Change (Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1981), pp. 21-36.

Nikki R. Keddie, "Why Has Iran Been Revolutionary? I," in Houshang Amirahmadi and Nader Entessar, eds., Reconstruction and Regional Diplomacy in the Persian Gulf (New York: Routledge, 1992): 19-32, reprinted in Nikke R. Keddie, Iran and the Muslim World: Resistance and Revolution (New York: New York University Press, 1995), pp. 60-72.

Nikki R. Keddie, "Why Has Iran Been Revolutionary? II: Multi-Urbanism in Iran's Revolts and Rebellions," in Nikke R. Keddie, Iran and the Muslim World: Resistance and Revolution (New York: New York University Press, 1995), pp. 73-94.

Nikki R. Keddie, "Iranian Revolutions in Comparative Perspective," American Historical Review 88 (1983): 379-398.

Nikki R. Keddie, "Iranian Revolutions in Comparative Perspective," in Nikke R. Keddie, Iran and the Muslim World: Resistance and Revolution (New York: New York University Press, 1995), pp. 95-111.

John Limbert, Iran: At War with History (London, 1987).

Sandra Mackey, The Iranians: Persia, Islam and the Soul of a Nation (Penguin, 1996).

Farshad Malek-Ahmadi, Trapped by History: 100 Years of Struggle for Constituionalism and Democracy in Iran (London: Routledge, 2003).

H. Massé, "Les Grandes Périodes de l'histoire de l'Iran," La civilisation iranienne (Paris: Payot, 1952), pp. 32-34.

O. Meder, Klimaökologie und Siedlungsgang auf dem Hochland von Iran in vor- und frühgeschichtlicher Zeit. Marburger Geographische Studien, No. 80 ((Marburg: Selbstverlag des Geographischen Instituts der Universität Marburg, 1979). 221 pp.

Farrokh Moini, Who's Who in Iran (Meckenheim: MB Medien und Bücher, 1990).

Samuel K. Nweeya, Persia: The Land of the Magi, or Home of the Wise Men (Philadelphia: Press of the John C. Winston, 1910).

Younes Parsa Benab, "Political Organizations in Iran: A Historical

Review," RIPEH 3:1 (Spring 1979): 30-80.

Mehdi Parvizi Amineh, Die globale kapitalistische Expansion und Iran. Eine Studie der Iranischen Politischen Ökonomie (1500-1980) (Münster: Lit Verlag, 1999).

John Perry, "Justice for the Underprivileged: The Ombudsman Tradition of Iran," Journal of Near Eastern Studies 37:3 (1978): 203-215.

Herrmann Schaefer, Im Lande der Könige (Düsseldorf: Eugen Diederichs Verlag, 1966). 279 pages.

Annemarie Schimmel, "J.G. Herder und die persische Kultur," Spektrum-Iran 8:3 (1995): 25-38.

Günther Schweizer, "Der Naturraum," in Ulrich Gehrke and Harald Mehner, eds., Iran (Tübingen and Basel, 1975), pp. 13-40.

Abu al Fazl Shakuri, Farhang i rijal va mashahir i tarikh i muasir i Iran (Qum: Alimah, 1377 [1998 or 1999]).

Shams Siraj, "`Afif and His Tarikh-i Feruzshahi: A Study in Persian Tradition of Writing History," in Mohammad Aslam Khan, Ravinder Gargesh, and Chander Shekhar, eds., Indo-Persian Cultural Perspectives: Prof. Bhagwat Saroop Memorial Volume (Delhi: M/s Saud Ahmad Dehlavi, 1998), pp. 65-78.

W. Skalmowski and A. van Tongerloo, eds., Medioiranica (Leuven: Peeters, 1993).

John F. Standish, Persia and the Gulf: Retrospect and Prospect (New York: St. Martin, 1998), pp. 1-22: Time and Place."

Sir Percy Sykes, A History of Iran (London: Macmillan, 1921).

Mohammad Tavakoli-Targhi, Refashioning Iran, Orientalism, Occidentalism and Historiography (New York: Palgrave, 2001).

Joseph M. Upton, The History of Modern Iran: an Interpretation

(Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1960).

Michael Hillmann, Iranian Culture: A Persianist View (Lanham: University Press of America, 1990).

Ebrahim Towfigh, Modernisierung und postkoloniale Herrschaft in Iran: Versuch über den Staat (Frankfurt am Main: Verlag für interkulturelle Kommunikation, 2000). 405 pp.

Paul Vieille, "Etat et féodalité," La Féodalité et l'Etat en Iran (Paris: Anthropos, 1975), pp. 273-305.

Paul Vieille, "Un groupement féodal," La Féodalité et l'Etat en Iran (Paris: Anthropos, 1975), pp. 35-86.

A.V. Williams Jackson, Persia Past and Present (New York)

Ehsan Yarshater, "The Persian presence in the Islamic world," in Richard Hovannisian and Georges Sabagh, eds., The Persian Presence in the Islamic World (Cambridge: CUP, 1998), pp. 1-125.


TRAVELOGUES




General Studies



Iraj Afshar, "Persian Travelogues: A Description and Bibliography," in Elton Daniel, Society and Culture in Qajar Iran: Studies in Honor of Hafez Farmayan (Costa Mesa, Cal.: Mazda, 2002), pp. 145-162.

Elena Andreeva, "Travelogues by Berezin: A Nineteenth-Century Russian Traveler to Iran," in Elton Daniel, Society and Culture in Qajar Iran: Studies in Honor of Hafez Farmayan (Costa Mesa, Cal.: Mazda, 2002), pp. 163-188.

James Clark, "`Abd-All_h Mostawf_ in Russia, 1904-1909," in Elton Daniel, Society and Culture in Qajar Iran: Studies in Honor of Hafez Farmayan (Costa Mesa, Cal.: Mazda, 2002), pp. 189-214.

Elton L. Daniel, "The Hajj and Qajar Travel Literature," in Elton Daniel, Society and Culture in Qajar Iran: Studies in Honor of Hafez Farmayan (Costa Mesa, Cal.: Mazda, 2002), pp. 215-238.

M.R. Ghanoonparvar, "Nineteenth-Century Iranians in America," in Elton Daniel, Society and Culture in Qajar Iran: Studies in Honor of Hafez Farmayan (Costa Mesa, Cal.: Mazda, 2002), pp. 239-248.

William L. Hanaway, "Persian Travel Narratives: Notes Toward the Definition of a Nineteenth-Century Genre," in Elton Daniel, Society and Culture in Qajar Iran: Studies in Honor of Hafez Farmayan (Costa Mesa, Cal.: Mazda, 2002), pp. 249-268.

Shireen Mahdavi, "H_jj Mohammad-Hassan Am_n-al-Zarb: Visionary, Entrepreneur, and Traveler," in Elton Daniel, Society and Culture in Qajar Iran: Studies in Honor of Hafez Farmayan (Costa Mesa, Cal.: Mazda, 2002), pp. 269-284.

Hashem Rajabzadeh, "Japan as Seen by Qajar Travelers," in Elton Daniel, Society and Culture in Qajar Iran: Studies in Honor of Hafez Farmayan (Costa Mesa, Cal.: Mazda, 2002), pp. 285-310.

Monica M. Ringer, "The Quest for the Secret of Strength in Iranian Nineteenth-Century Travel Literature: Rethinking Tradition in the Safarnameh," in Nikki Keddie and Rudi Matthee, eds., Iran and the Surrounding World 1501-2001: Interactions in Culture and Cultural Politics (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2002), pp. 146-161.

Anna Vanzan, "M_rz_ Abu'l-Hasan Khan Š_r_z_ _l__'s Safar-n_ma ba R_s_ya: The Persians Amongst the Russians," in Elton Daniel, Society and Culture in Qajar Iran: Studies in Honor of Hafez Farmayan (Costa Mesa, Cal.: Mazda, 2002), pp. 347-358.

Denis Wright, "British Travelers in Qajar Persia and Their Books," in Elton Daniel, Society and Culture in Qajar Iran: Studies in Honor of Hafez Farmayan (Costa Mesa, Cal.: Mazda, 2002), pp. 359-

370.

Jane Dieulafoy, Three volumes of travelogues in Iran, (Paris: Phébus, 1990).


Timurids, Safavids, Afshar, and Zand



John Cartwright, The Preacher's Travels (1611, Amsterdam 1977).

Chartier,

[Ruy González de] Clavijo, Embassy to Tamerlane, trans. Guy Le Strange, (London: George Routledge & Sons, Ltd., 1928).

[Ruy González de] Clavijo, Embajada a Tamorlán, ed. Francisco López Estrada, (Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1943).

Evliya Effendi, Narrative of Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa.

Flandrin,

John A. Fryer, A New Account of East India and Persia Being Nine Years' Travels, 1672-1681 (London, 1909).

Antonio de Gouvea, Relations des Grandes Guerres et Victoires Obtenues....En Suite du voyage... French translation

J.D. Gurney, "Pietro della Valle: the limits of perception," Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 49 (1986): 103-116.

Thomas Herbert, Travels in Persia 1627-1629 (London: Routledge, 1928).

Engelbert Kaempfer, Am Hofe des persischen Großkönigs, ed. Walther Hinz (Tübingen, 1977).

Tadeusz Jan Krusi_ski, The History of the Revolution of Persia (London: J. Pemberton, 1728).

Corneille Le Brun, Voyages de Cornelle Le Brun par la Moscovie, en Perse et aux Indes Orientales (Amsterdam: Frères Wetstein, 1718).

L. Lockhart, R. Morozzo della Rocca, and M.F. Tiepolo, eds., I Viaggi in Persia degli Ambasciatori Veneti Barbaro e Contarini (Rome, 1973).

Raphael Du Mans, L'Estat de la Perse en 1660, ed. by C. Schefer (Paris, 1890, reprinted 1969).

Michel M. Mazzaoui, "Šah Tahm_sb and the Diaries of Marino Sanuto (1524-1533)," in Ulrich Haarmann and Peter Bachmann, eds., Die islamische Welt zwischen Mittelalter und Neuzeit: Festschrift für Hans Robert Roemer zum 65. Geburtstag (Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner, 1979), pp. 416-444.

Michele Membrè, Relazione di Persia (1542) ed. G.R. Cardona et al. (Naples, 1969).

Michele Membrè, Mission to the Lord Sophy of Persia (1539-1542). trans. with Introduction and Notes by A.H. Morton (London, School of Oriental and African Studies, 1993)

E. Delmar Morgan and C.H. Coote, Early Voyages and Travels to Russia and Persia by Anthony Jenkinson and Other Englishmen (London, 1886).

Hans Müller, "Mit Olearius in Persien: Paul Fleming," in Ulrich Haarmann and Peter Bachmann, eds., Die islamische Welt zwischen Mittelalter und Neuzeit: Festschrift für Hans Robert Roemer zum 65. Geburtstag (Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner, 1979), pp. 471-482.

Adam Olearius, Vermehrte Newe Beschreibung Der Muscowitischen und Persischen Reyse, ed. Dieter Lohmeier (Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1971, reprint of 1656 edition).

F. Leandro di S. Cecilia, Persia, o sia secondo viaggio (Rome, 1753).

Don García de Silva y Figueroa, Comentarios de D. Garcia de Silva y.... (Madrid, 1903).

James A. Spilman, Journey through Russia into Persia in the Year 1739 (London, 1742).

Lord Stanley of Alderley and Charles Grey, Travels to Tana and Persia by Josafa Barbaro and Ambrogio Contarini... (London: 1873).

Tavernier

Pietro Della Valle,

P. Vilotte, Voyages d'un missionnaire de la Compagnie de Jésus en Turquie, en Perse... (Paris, 1730).


Zand



William Francklin, Observations made on a tour from Bengal to Persia in the Years 1786-7 (London: T. Cadell, 1790).


Qajar



H.R. d'Allemagne, Du Khorassan au pays des Bakhtiaris (Paris: Hachette, 1911).

Eugène Aubin, La Perse d'aujourd'hui (Paris: A. Colin, 1908).

Henry Ballantine, Midnight Marches Through Persia (Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1879).

J. Barbaro and A. Contarini, Travels to Tana and Persia, Hakluyt Society Edition, Ser 1, Volume 49 (1873).

C. Bélanger, Voyage aux Indes orientales par le nord de l'Europe, les provinces du Caucase, la Géorgie, l'Arménie, et la Perse pendant les années 1825-1829, 3 volumes (Paris: 1833-38).

John Bell, Travels from St. Petersburgh in Russia to Various Parts of Asia (Edinburgh: W. Creech, 1805), pp. 74-75.

S.G.W. Benjamin, Persia and the Persians (Boston: Ticknor and Co., 1887).

Robert B.M. Binning, Journal of Two Years' Travel in Persia, Ceylon etc. (London: Wm. H. Allen and Co., 1857).

Isabella Bird, Journeys in Persia and Kurdistan II (1891, London: Virago, 1989).

J. Bleibtreu, Persien: Das Land der Sonne und des Löwen (Freiburg: Herdersche Verlagshandlung, 1894).

Auguste Bricteux, Au pays du lion et du soleil (Brussels, 1908).

Dr. Heinrich Brugsch, Reise der königlich preussischen Gesandschaft nach Persien 1860 und 1861, 2 volumes (Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung, 1862).

J.S. Buckingham, Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, 2 volumes (London: 1830).

W.E.R. Dickson, East Persia: A Backwater of the Great War (London: Edward Arnold, 1924). 279 pp.

Jane Dieulafoy, Une amazone en Orient: Du Caucase à Persepolis 1881-1882 (Paris: Phébus, 1989)

Colonel Gaspard Drouville, Vyage en Perse pendant les années 1812 er 1813 (Paris, 1828)(St. Petersbourg, 1819-1820).

Docteur Feuvrier, Trois and à la cour de Perse (Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1906).

E. Flandin and P. Coste, Voyage en Perse de M.M. Eugène Flandin, peintre, et Pascal Coste, architecte, 1840-41, 2 volumes (Paris, 1850-54).

James Baillie Fraser, A Winter's Journey from Constantinople to Tehran (London, 1838).

F. Hale, From Persian Uplands (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1920).

Sven Hedin, Overland to India (London: Macmillan, 1910).

M.E. Hume-Griffith, Behind the Veil in Persia and Turkish Arabia: An Account of an Englishwoman's Eight Years' Residence Amongst the Women of the East (London: Seeley, 1909).

William Richard Holmes, Sketches on the Shores of the Caspian (London: Richard Bentley, 1845).

Pierre-Amédée Jaubert, Voyage en Armenie et en Perse fait dans les années 1805 et 1806 (Paris, 1821).

Robert Kerr Porter, Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia... (London, 1821-1822).

Nicolas de Khanikoff, "Mémoire sur la partie méridionale de l'Asie centrale," Recueil de voyages et de mémoires publiés pour la Société de Géographie 7 (1861).

C.Z. Klötzel, Die Straße der Zehntausend: Mit der Schmude-Expedition nach Persien (Hamburg: Gebrüder Enoch Verlag, 1925).

M. von Kotzebue, Narrative of a Journey into Persia in the Suite of the Imperial Russian Embassy in the Year 1817 (London, 1819).

J.H. Linton, Persian Sketches (London: Church Missionary Society, 1923).

Eustache de Lorey and Douglas Sladen, Queer Things about Persia (London: Evelei Nash, 1907).

Pierre Loti, Vers Ispahan (Paris: Christian Pirot, 1988).

Sir John Malcolm, Sketches of Persia from the Journals of a Traveller in the East (Philadelphia: Carey, Lea, & Carey, 1828).

Napier Malcolm, Five Years in a Persian Town (London: Murray, 1905).

James Morier, A Journey through Persia, Armenia, and Asia Minor... Ancient Babylonia (London: 1812).

Augustus H. Mounsey, A Journey through the Caucasus and the Interior of Persia (London: Smith, Elder, and Co. 1872).

Oskar v. Niedermayer, Unter der Glutsonne Irans. Kriegserlebnisse der deutschen Expedition nach Persien und Afghanistan (Dachau: Einhornverlag, 1925).

G.A. Olivier, Voyage dans l'empire Othoman, l'Egypte et la Perse, 6 volumes (Paris: 1807).

Sir Gore Ouseley, Travels in Various Countries of the East: More Particularly Persia (London, 1819).

Ida Pfeiffer, Eine Frauenfahrt um die Welt, volume 3 (Vienna, 1850).

J.M. de Rochechouart, Souvenir d'un voyage en Perse (Paris, 1867).

Wilfrid Sparroy, Persian Children of the Royal Family: The Narrative of an English Tutor at the Court of H.I.H. Zillu's-Sultán, G.C.S.I. (London: John Lane: The Bodley Head, 1902).

C.E. Stewart, Through Persia in Disguise (London: Routledge, 1911).

M.L. Sheil, Glimpses of Life and Manners in Persia (London, 1856).

Ella C. Sykes, Persia and its People (London: Methuen, 1910).

Major P.M. Sykes, The Glory of the Shia World (London: Macmillan, 1910).

P.M. Sykes, Ten Thousand Miles in Persia or Eight Years in Iran (London: 1902; New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1902). 481 pp.

J.M. Tancoigne, A Narrative of a Journey into Persia (London, 1820).

Dorothy de Warzée (Baroness d'Hermalle), Peeps into Persia (London: Hurst and Blackett, 1913).

Louis-Charles Watelin, La Perse immobile: Ses paysages inconnus, ses villages délaissées (Paris: Librairie Chapelot, 1921).

E. Crawshay Williams, Across Persia (London: Edward Arnold, 1907).

Charles James Wills, In the Land of the Lion and Sun, or Modern Persia (London: Macmillan, 1883).

C.J. Wills, Persia as it is, being sketches of modern Persian life and character (London: Sampson Low etc., 1886).

S.G. Wilson, Persian Life and Customs (Edinburgh, 1896).

H.G. Winter, Persian Miniature (Garden City: Doubleday, 1917).

J. Wishard, Twenty Years in Persia (New York: Fleming, 1908).


Reza Shah



F.L. Bird, "Modern Persia and its Capital," The National Geographic Magazine 39/4 (1921): 352-416.

Wilpert von Blücher, Zeitwende in Iran: Erlebnisse und Beobachtungen (Biberach an der Riss, 1949).

Adolf Böhme, Wir flogen für Iran (Steinbach: Luftfahrtverlag Zuerl, 1976).

W.V. Emanuel, The Wild Asses: A Journey through Persia (London: Jonathan Cape, 1939).

F.A.C. Forbes-Leith, Checkmate: Fighting Tradition in Central Persia (New York: McBride, 1927; rept. New York: Arno Press, 1973).

Walther Hinz, Iranische Reise: Eine Forschungsfahrt durch das heutige Persien (Berlin-Lichterfelde: Hugo Wermühler, 1938).

Ann Lambton, "Recollections of Iran in the Mid-Twentieth Century," Asian Affairs 19:3 (October 1988): 273-288.

Rosalie Slaugter Morton, A Doctor's Holiday in Iran (New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1940).

Fred Richards, A Persian Journey (London: Jonathan Cape, 1931).

Maud von Rosen, Persian Pilgrimage (London: R. Hale, 1937).

Vita Sackville West, Passenger to Teheran (London: Arrow Books, 1991).

Caroline Singer and C. Le Roy Baldrige, Half the World is Isfahan (New York: Oxford University Press, 1937).

Sirdar Iqbal Ali Shah, Eastward to Persia (London: Wright & Brown, 1951).

Sir Arnold T. Wilson, Persia (London: Ernest Benn, 1932).


Mohammad Reza Shah



Cesare Brandi, Persia Mirabile (Turin: Giulio Einaudi, 1978).

Curtis Harnack, Persian Lions, Persian Lamb: An American's Odissey in Iran (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1965).

Sarah Hobson, Through Persia in Disguise (London: The Travel Book Club, 1974).

Edmund Jaroljmek, Das andere Iran (Munich: Nymphenburger Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1951).

Terence O'Donnell, Garden of the Brave in War (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1980).

Richard Savin, Vakil Abad: Iran: A Survivor's Story (Edinburgh: Canongate/Q Press, 1979). Prison memoirs.

Ann Sinclair Mehdevi, Persia Revisited (London: Michael Joseph, 1965).

Olive Suratgar, I Sing in the Wilderness: An Intimate Account of Persia and the Persians (London: Edward Stanford Limited, 1951).


Islamic Republic



Christiane Bird, Neither East nor West: One Woman's Journey Through the Islamic Republic of Iran (New York: Pocket Books, 2001). 396 pp.

Laurence Deonna, On Persian Roads: Glimpses of Revolutionary Iran, 1985-1998 (Pueblo, Colo.: Passegiata Press, 1998).

Giampiero Galgani, "Considerazioni dopo un viaggio in Iran," in Arnaldo Nesti, ed., Laboratorio Iran: Cultura, religione, modernità in Iran (Milan: FrancoAngeli, 2003), pp. 163-166.

Peter Schütt, ...wenn fern hinter der Türkei die Völker aufeinanderschlagen. Bericht einer Reise in den Iran (Cologne, 1987).

Elaine Sciolino, Persian Mirrors: The Elusive Face of Iran (New York: The Free Press, 2000).

Chantal Vervaet, Des yeux bleus sous le tchador (Paris: L'Harmattan, 2000).

Alison Wearing, Honeymoon in Purdah (New York: St. Martin's, 2000).


AUTOBIOGRAPHIES OF IRANIANS




General



Bert G. Fragner, Persische Memoirenliteratur als Quelle zur neueren Geschichte Irans (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1979).


Men



General Hassan Arfa, Under Five Shahs (New York: William Morrow & Co., 1965).

Chapour Bakhtiar, Ma fidélité (Paris: Albin Michel, 1982). 258.

Reza Baraheni, The Crowned Cannibals: Writings on Repression in Iran (New York: Vintage Books, 1977).

Manouchehr Ganji, Defying the Iranian Revolution: From a Minister to the Shah to a Leader of the Resistance (Westport: Praeger, 2002). 312 pp.

Vartan Gregorian, The Road to Home: My Life and Times (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003). 354 pp.

Sayyed Mohammad Ali Jamalzadeh, Isfahan is Half the World: Memories of a Persian Boyhood, trans. W.L. Heston, (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983).



Abbas Milani, A Tale of Two Cities ().

Youel B. Mirza, When I Was a Boy in Persia (Boston: Lothrop, Lee & Shepard, 1920).

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Mission for my Country (London: Hutchinson, 1960).

G. R. Sabri Tabrizi, Iran: A Child's Story, a Man's Experience (Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1988).

H.B. Dehghani Tafti, The Hard Awakening (New York: Seabury Press, 1981).


Women



Elizabeth Yoel Campbell, Yesterday's Children: Growing up in Persia (N.p.: n.p., n.d.).

Sattareh Farman Farmaian, Daughter of Persia (New York: Crown, 1992).

Shusha Guppy, The Blindfold Horse: Memories of a Persian Childhood (Boston, 1988).

Princess Ashraf Pahlavi, Faces in the Mirror: Memoirs from Exile (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1980).

Taj al-Saltana, Crowning Anguish: Memoirs of a Persian Princess from the Hare, ed. Abbas Amanat, (Washington, D.C.: Mage, 1993).

ah i jadid, sal i 1, shumarah i 1 (Khurdad 1378 [May/June 1999]) .


CITIES



n i Shahrdariha, 1999

Internatiuonale Bau  und Stadtentwicklung in unterstrukturierten

Regionen, Fachbereich 2 Architektur, Hochschule der Künste Berlin,

Bazaar Teheran West Berlin: 1979.

Helga Anschütz, "Persische Stadttypen. Eine vergleichende Betrachtung der Städte Teheran - Isfahan - Abadan - Chorramschahr, und Buschir in Iran," in Geografische Rundschau 19:3 (1967): 105-110.

J. Aubin, "Eléments pour l'étude des agglomérations urbaines dans l'Iran mediéval," in A.H. Hourani and S.M. Stern, eds., The Islamic City: A Colloquium (Oxford: Cassirer; [Philadelphia]: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1970), pp. 65-75.

Frédy Bémont, Les Villes de l'Iran, des cités d'autrefois à l'urbanisme contemporain (Paris: Author, 1969-77). Three volumes

Michael E. Bonine, "City and hinterland in central Iran," in Günther Schweizer, ed., Interdisziplinäre Iran Forschung: Beiträge aus Kulturgeographie, Ethnologie, Soziologie, und neuerer Geschichte (Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 1979), pp. 141-156.

Michael E. Bonine, ed., Population, Poverty, and Politics in Middle East Cities (University Press of Florida, 1998). Has chapter on Iran.

Abol Hassan Danesh, Rural Exodus and Squatter Settlements in the Third World: The Case of Iran (University Press of America, 1987).

Eckart Ehlers, "Rentenkapitalismus, Industrialismus, und Stadtentwicklung in Iran," in Günther Schweizer, ed., Interdisziplinäre Iran Forschung: Beiträge aus Kulturgeographie, Ethnologie, Soziologie, und neuerer Geschichte (Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 1979), pp. 125-130.

Wilhelm Eilers, Geographische Namengebung in und um Iran: Ein Überblick in Beispielen (Munich: 1982).



Kenneth Brown et al, eds., Etat, ville et mouvements sociaux au Maghreb et au Moyen Orient / Urban Crises and Social Movements in the Middle East (Paris: L'Harmattan, 1986). Articles by Hourcade and Joanna de Groot.

E. Ehlers and Willem Floor, "Urban Change in Iran, 1920-1941," Iranian Studies 26:3-4 (1993): 251-275.

Paul Ward English, "Cultural Change and the Structure of a Persian City," in Carl Leiden, ed., The Conflict of Traditionalism and Modernism in the Muslim Middle East (Austin: University of Texas Press, 196?).

Bernard Hourcade, "Ethnie, nation et citadinité en Iran," in Jean-Pierre Digard, ed., Le Fait ethnique en Iran et en Afghanistan (Paris: Editions du CNRS, 1988), pp. 161-174.

Masoud Kheirabadi, Iranian Cities: Formation and Development (Austin: Texas University Press, 1991, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2000). 132 pp.

M.Y. Kiani, ed., A General Study on Urbanization and Urban Planning in Iran. 1986. In Persian.

Laurence Lockhart, Persian Cities (London, 1971).

G. Markwart, A Catalogue of the Provincial Capitals of Eranshahr, ed. G. Messiner (Rome, 1931).

Hassan A. Ronaghy, "Major Source of Air Pollution in Iranian Cities," Journal of Iranian Research and Analysis 17:1 (April 2001): 56-65.

K. Scharlau, "Moderne Umgestaltungen im Grundriss iranischer Städte," Erdkunde 15 (1961): 180-191.

Ahmad Sharbatoghlie, Urbanization and Regional Disparities in Post Revolutionary Iran (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1991).


Abadan



Helga Anschütz, "Persische Stadttypen. Eine vergleichende Betrachtung der Städte Teheran - Isfahan - Abadan - Chorramschahr, und Buschir in Iran," in Geografische Rundschau 19:3 (1967): 105-110.

Xavier de Planhol, "Abadan: morphologie et fonction du tissu urbain," Revue Géographique de l'Est 4 (1964): 338-385.

Paul Vieille, Zafardokht Ardalan, and Abol-Hassan Banissadre, "Abadan: tissu urbain, attitudes et valeurs," Revue Géographique de l'Est 9 (1969): 361-378.


Ahvaz



Paul Vieille, "Bourgeoisie nationale et bourgeoisie dépendante -- fonctions et fonctionnement d'une ville iranienne (Ahvaz en 1963)," La Féodalité et l'Etat en Iran (Paris: Anthropos, 1975), pp. 183-272.


Ardabil



B_b_ Safar_, Ardab_l dar guzarg_h-i t_r_kh (Ardabil: Islamic Azad University Press, 1991).

H.E. Chehabi, "Ardabil Becomes a Province: Center-Periphery Relations in the Islamic Republic of Iran," International Journal of Middle East Studies 29 (Spring 1997): 235-253.

Bert Fragner, "Ardabil zwischen Sultan und Schah. Zehn Urkunden Schah Tahmasp II," Turcica 6 (1975).

Monika Gronke, Derwische im Vorhof der Macht: Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte Nordwestirans im 13. und 14. Jahrhundert (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1993).

Staatsrat v. Hahn, "Die Stadt Ardebil einst und jetzt," Asien 10 (October 1910).

Robert Hillenbrand, "The Sarcophagus of Shah Ism_`_l at Ardab_l," in Andrew J. Newman, ed., Society and Culture in the Early Modern Middle East: Studies on Iran in the Safavid Period (Leiden: Brill, 2003), pp. 165-190.

Laurence Lockhart, Persian Cities (London, 1971).

Margaret Medley, "Islam, Chinese Porcelain and Ardabil," Iran 13 (1975).

A.H. Morton, "The Ardabil Shrine in the Reign of Shah Tahmasp I," Iran 12 (1974).

Fariba Zarinebaf-Shahr, "Economic Activities of Safavid Women in the Shrine-City of Ardabil," Iranian Studies 31:2 (Spring 1998): 247-262.


Bam



Jean Aubin, Deux Sayyids de Bam au XV siècle ((Wiesbaden, 1956).

E. Ehlers, "Die Stadt Bam und ihr Oasen-Umland/Zentraliran, Erdkunde 29 (1975): 38-52.

Paridokht Fecharaki, "La répartition des cultures dans l'oasis de Bam," Acta Geographica 32 (1977): 39-46.


Bandar Abbas



L. Pelly, "Visit to Lingah, Kishm and Bunder Abbass," Journal of the Royal Geographical Society 34 (1864): 250-258.

Günter Schweizer, Bandar `Abb_s ud Hormoz: Schicksal und Zukunft einer iranischen Hafenstadt am Persischen Golf (Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert, 1972). 30 pages.

A.W. Stiffe, "Ancient Trading Centres of the Persian Gulf. VI. Bandar Abbas," Geographical Journal 16 (1970): 211-215.


Bandar Lengeh



L. Pelly, "Visit to Lingah, Kishm and Bunder Abbass," Journal of the Royal Geographical Society 34 (1864): 250-258.


Bandar Shapur



A.T.W., "Khor Musa and Bandar Shapur," Journal of the Central Asian Society 29:4 (1929): 510-513.


Bushire



Helga Anschütz, "Persische Stadttypen. Eine vergleichende Betrachtung der Städte Teheran - Isfahan - Abadan - Chorramschahr, und Buschir in Iran," in Geografische Rundschau 19:3 (1967): 105-110.

Political Diaries of the Persian Gulf 1904 1958 (Slough: Archive Research Ltd.). Contains all surviving diaries and intelligence reports on Bushire.


Damghan



Chahryâr Adle, "Contribution à la géographie historique du Damghan," Le Monde iranien et l'Islam (Geneva: Droz, and Paris: Minard, 1971), pp. 69-104.




Isfahan



Helga Anschütz, "Persische Stadttypen. Eine vergleichende Betrachtung der Städte Teheran - Isfahan - Abadan - Chorramschahr, und Buschir in Iran," in Geografische Rundschau 19:3 (1967): 105-110.

Stephen P. Blake, Half the World: A Social Architecture of Safavid Isfahan, 1590-1722 (Costa Mesa, Cal.: Mazda, 1999). 206 pp.

Stephen Blake, "Shah `Abb_s and the Transfer of the Safavid Capital from Qazvin to Isfahan," in Andrew J. Newman, ed., Society and Culture in the Early Modern Middle East: Studies on Iran in the Safavid Period (Leiden: Brill, 2003), pp. 145-164.

Eckart Ehlers, "Capitals and spatial organization in Iran: Esfahân, Shirâz, Tehran," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 155-172.

Sarah Hobson, Through Persia in Disguise (London: The Travel Book Club, 1974), pp. 69-93.

Jürgen Paul, "The Histories of Isfahan: Mafarrukhi's Kit_b mah_sin Isfah_n," Iranian Studies 33:1-2 (Winter/Spring 2000): 117-132.

Rosemarie Quiring-Zoche, Isfahan im 15. und 16. Jahrhundert: Ein Beitrag zur persischen Stadtgeschichte (Berlin: Klaus Schwarz Verlag, 1980). 456 pages.

Sirus Schafaghi, "Bildung von Stadtviertel in Esfah_n," in Günther Schweizer, ed., Interdisziplinäre Iran Forschung: Beiträge aus Kulturgeographie, Ethnologie, Soziologie, und neuerer Geschichte (Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 1979), pp. 169-178.

C. Singer, Half the World is Isfahan.

M.A. Soltani-Tirani, Handwerker und Handwerk in Esfahan. Eine Dokumentation. Marburger Geographische Studien, No. 87 ((Marburg: Selbstverlag des Geographischen Instituts der Universität Marburg, 1982). 150 pp.

Heidi Walcher, "Face of the Seven Spheres: The Urban Morphology and Architecture of Nineteenth Century Isfahan (Part One)," Iranian Studies 33:3-4 (2000).

Heidi Walcher, "Face of the Seven Spheres: The Urban Morphology and Architecture of Nineteenth Century Isfahan (Part Two)," Iranian Studies 34:1-4 (2001): 117-140.


Karaj



Houshang Bahrambeygui, "Karaj and its Satellites," Geography 1:1 (1976): 31-39.

Hushang Bahrambeygui, "The urban problems of Kara_," in Günther Schweizer, ed., Interdisziplinäre Iran Forschung: Beiträge aus Kulturgeographie, Ethnologie, Soziologie, und neuerer Geschichte (Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 1979), pp. 1157-168.


Kashan



V.F. Costello, Kashan: A City and Region of Iran (London and New York: Bowker, 1976).

G. Scarcia, "Sulla famiglia Qaffari di Kašan," Annali N.S. 12 (1962): 198-203.


Kerman



Bastani Parizi, "Principes de l'évolution de la tolérance dans l'histoire de Kerman," in A. Harrak, ed., Contacts Between Cultures (Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press, 1992), pp.

P.H.T. Beckett, "The Soils of Kerman, South Persia," Journal of Soil Science (March 1958): 20-32.

Heribert Busse, "Kerman im 19. Jahrhundert nach der Geographie des Waziri," Der Islam 50 (1973): 284-312.

Paul Ward English, "Cultural Change and the Structure of a Persian City," in Carl Leiden, ed., The Conflict of Traditionalism and Modernism in the Muslim Middle East (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1966), pp. 32-48.

Paul W. English, City and Village in Iran: Settlement and Economy in the Kirman Basin (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1968).

M.E. Hume-Griffith, Behind the Veil in Persia and Turkish Arabia: An Account of an Englishwoman's Eight Years' Residence Amongst the Women of the East (London: Seeley, 1909).

Gianroberto Scarcia, "Kerman 1905: La guerra tra Seihi e Balasari," Annali del Instituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli, N.S. 13 (1963): 195-238.

Stuart D. Sears, "The Legitimation of Hakam b. al-`As: Ummayad Government in Seventh-Century Kirman," Iranian Studies 36:1 (March 2003): 5-25.

Anthony Smith, A Persian Quarter Century (Newton Abbot: Readers Union, 1980). 192 pp.

Ahmad Ali Khan Waziri, "Joghrafiy_-ye mamlekat-e Kerm_n," Farhang-e Ir_nzamin 14 (1966/67): 5-286.


Kermanshah



J.I. Clarke and B.D. Clark, Kermanshah, An Iranian Provincial City, University of Durham, Department of Geography, Research Paper 10, 1969.


Khorramabad




Khorramshahr



Helga Anschütz, "Persische Stadttypen. Eine vergleichende Betrachtung der Städte Teheran - Isfahan - Abadan - Chorramschahr, und Buschir in Iran," in Geografische Rundschau 19:3 (1967): 105-110.


Malayer



Mostafa Momeni, Malayer und sein Umland. Entwicklung, Struktur und Funktionen einer Kleinstadt in Iran. Marburger Geographische Studien, No. 68 ((Marburg: Selbstverlag des Geographischen Instituts der Universität Marburg, 1976). 211 pp.


Maragheh



Mary-Jo DelVecchio Good, "Social Hierarchy in Provincial Iran: The Case of Qajar Iran," Iranian Studies 10 (Summer 1977): 129-163.

Mary-Jo DelVecchio Good, "The Changing Status and Composition of an Iranian Provincial Elite," in Michael E. Bonine and Nikki R. Keddie, eds., Modern Iran: The Dialectics of Continuity and Change (Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1981), 269-288.


Mashhad



Nasrine Hakami, Pèlerinage de l'Emâm Rezâ: Étude Socio-économique (Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, 1989).


Qazvin



François de Blois, "The Iftikh_riy_n of Qazv_n," in Kambiz Eslami, ed., Iran and Iranian Studies (Princeton: Zagros Press, 1998), pp. 13-23.

Moojan Momen, "Usuli, Akhbari, Shaykhi, Babi: The Tribulations of a Qazvin Family," Iranian Studies 36:3 (September 2003): 317-338.


Qom



Marcel Bazin, "Quelques données sur l'alimentation dans la région de Qom," Studia Iranica 2 (1973): 243-253.

Marcel Bazin, "Qom, ville de pèlerinage et centre régional," Revue Géographique de l'Est 13:1-2 (1973): 77-136.

Marcel Bazin, La vie rurale dans la région de Qom (Iran Central) (Paris: P.U.F., 1974). 103 pp.

Andreas Drechsler, Die Geschichte der Stadt Qom im Mittelalter (650-1350): politische und wirtschaftliche Aspekte (Berlin: Klaus Schwarz, 1999). 378 pp.

Sarah Hobson, Through Persia in Disguise (London: The Travel Book Club, 1974), pp. 27-68.

Ernst Hunziker, "Qom: Holy City of the Mullahs," Swiss Review of World Affairs, April 1994.

Devin J. Stewart, "The Portrayal of an Academic Rivalry: Najaf and Qum in the Writings and Speeches of Khomeini, 1964-78," in Linda S. Walbridge, ed., The Most Learned of the Shi`a: The Institution of the Marja` Taqlid (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 230-246.


Rasht



Christian Bromberger, "Comment peut-on être Rašti...?," in Jean-Pierre Digard, ed., Le Fait ethnique en Iran et en Afghanistan (Paris: Editions du CNRS, 1988), pp. 89-108.


Sanandaj



Borh_n Ay_zi, _'ineh-ye Sanandaj (Sanandaj: by the author, 1992).


Semnan



J. Connell, ed., Semnan, Persian City and Region (London: 1970)


Shiraz



Arthur J. Arberry, Shiraz: Persian City of Saints and Poets (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1960). 177 pp.

J.I. Clarke, The Iranian City of Shiraz, University of Durham, Department of Geography, Research Paper 7, 1963.

Eckart Ehlers, "Capitals and spatial organization in Iran: Esfahân, Shirâz, Tehran," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 155-172.

Wilhelm Eilers, "Erinnerungen an Schiras," in Richard Gramlich, ed., Islamwissenschaftliche Abhandlungen (Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner, 1974), pp. 33-49.

Ali Paydarfar, "Differential Life-Styles Between Migrants and Nonmigrants: A Case Study of the City of Shiraz, Iran," Demography 11 (1974): 509-520.

William R. Royce, "The Shirazi Provincial Elite: Status Maintenance," in Michael E. Bonine and Nikki R. Keddie, eds., Modern Iran: The Dialectics of Continuity and Change (Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1981), 289-300.

Lois Beck, "Nomads and Urbanites, involuntary hosts and uninvited guests," Middle Eastern Studies 18:4 (October 1982): 426-444.


Sirjan



Ali-Akbar Vosuqi Rahbari, T_rikh-e Sirj_n (Kerman: Markaz-e Kermanshenasi, 1993). 373 pp.


Tabas



Eckart Ehlers, "City and Hinterland in Iran: The Example of Tabas/Khorassan," Tijdschrift voor economische en social geografie 58 (1977): 284-296.


Tabriz



Charles Issawi, "The Tabriz-Trabzon Trade 1830-1900, Rise and Decline of a Route," IJMES 1 (1970).

Shafi` Jav_di, Tabriz va Pir_mun (Tabriz, 1971).

Laurence Lockhart, Persian Cities (London, 1971).

Amnon Netzer, "The Fate of the Jewish Community of Tabriz," in M. Sharon, ed., Studies in Islamic History and Civilization in Honour of Professor David Ayalon (Leiden: Brill, 1986), pp. 411-419.

Mollie Panter-Downes, "Tabriz," The New Yorker, 4 October 1958, pp. 89-109.

Younes P. Benab, "Tabriz in Perspective: A Historical Analysis of the Current Struggle of Iranian Peoples," RIPEH 2:2 (June 1978): 1-42.

Samad Sard_rini_, Tabriz dar nehzat-e tanb_ku.

S. Schafaghi, "Die Stadt Tabriz und ihr Hinterland (Dissertation, Cologne, 1965).

Christoph Werner, An Iranian Town in Transition: A Social and Economic History of the Elites of Tabriz 1747-1848 (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2000). 419 pp.

Christoph Weber, "The Amazon, the Sources of the Nile, and Tabriz: Nadir Mirza's T_rikh va jughr_fi-yi d_r al-salrana-yi Tabriz and the Local Historiography of Tabriz and Azerbaijan," Iranian Studies 33:1-2 (Winter/Spring 2000): 165-184.


Teheran



Fariba Adelkhah, trans. Jonathan Derrick, Being Modern in Iran (London: Hurst & Company, 1999), chapter 1, "When Taxes Bloom in Tehran," pp. 9-29.

Chahryar Adle, "Le jardin habité, ou Téhéran des origines aux Safavides," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 15-38.

Peter Georg Ahrens, Die Entwicklung der Stadt Teheran: Eine städtebauliche Untersuchung ihrer zukünftigen Gestaltung (Opladen: Leske, 1966). 90 pp.

Mahvash Alemi, "The 1981 Map of Tehran: two cities, two cores, two cultures," A.A.R.P. Environmental Design 1985 i, pp. 74-84.

Helga Anschütz, "Persische Stadttypen. Eine vergleichende Betrachtung der Städte Teheran - Isfahan - Abadan - Chorramschahr, und Buschir in Iran," in Geografische Rundschau 19:3 (1967): 105-110.

Atlas-e farhangi-ye shahr-e Tehran (Teheran: Showra-ye Farhang va Honar, 1976).

H. Bahrambeygui, Tehran: An Urban Analysis (Teheran: Sahab Books Institute, 1977). 191 pp.

Ali Banuazizi, Alefba Paris 5 (Summer 1983). On slum dwellers in Teheran.

Masserat Amir Ebrahimi, "L'image socio-géographique de Téhéran en 1986," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 267-280.

Abdolhojjat Bal_ghi, T_rikh-e Tehr_n (Qom: 1971).

H. Bobek, "Teheran," dans Festschrift Hans Kinzl (Innsbruck, 1958).

M.R. Brown, "The Adjustment of Migrants to Tehran, Iran," in C. Goldscheider, ed., Urban Migrants in Developing Nations: Patterns and Problems of Adjustment (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1983), pp. 189-229.

Eckart Ehlers, "Capitals and spatial organization in Iran: Esfahân, Shirâz, Tehran," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 155-172.

Mansoureh Ettehadieh Nezam-Mafi, "Patterns in Urban Development: the Growth of Tehran (1852-1903), in Edmund Bosworth and Carole Hillenbrand, eds., Qajar Iran: Political, Social and Cultural Change 1800-1925 (Costa Mesa: Mazda, 1992), pp. 199-212.

Mansoureh Ettehadieh Nezam-Mafi, "The emergence of Tehran as the cultural centre of Iran," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 127-140.

Willem Floor, "Les premières règles de police urbaine à Téhéran," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 173-198.

Farrokh Gaffary, "Lieux de spectacle à Téhéran," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 141-154.

John D. Gurney, "The Transformation of Tehran in the later nineteenth century," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 51-72.

Mohsen Habibi, "Réza Chah et le développement de Téhéran," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 199-206.

Bernard Hourcade, "Réforme agraire et spéculation foncière dan la région de Tehr_n," in Günther Schweizer, ed., Interdisziplinäre Iran Forschung: Beiträge aus Kulturgeographie, Ethnologie, Soziologie, und neuerer Geschichte (Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 1979), pp. 131-140.

Bernard Hourcade and Farhad Khosrowkhavar, "L'Habitat révolutionnaire, Téhéran, 1977 1981," Hérodote, no. 31 (1983).

Bernard Hourcade, "Urbanisme et crise urbaine sous Mohammad Reza Pahlavi," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 199-206.

Abdolaziz Jav_herkal_m, T_rikh-e Tehr_n (Teheran: 1978, 2nd edition).

Farhad Khosrowkhavar, "Nouvelle banlieue et marginalité: la cité Taléghani à Khak e Sefid," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran capitale bicentennaire (Louvain: Peeters, 1992), pp. 307 327.

Ali Madanipour, Tehran: The Making of a Metropolis (New York: John Wiley, 1998).

Mina Marefat, "The protagonists who shaped modern Tehran," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 95-126.

S. Mobasser, "Le bazar de Téhéran," Economie et humanisme no. 286 (1985): 49-61.

Mohammad-Réza Moghtader, "Téhéran dans ses murailles (1553-1930)," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 39-50.

Emineh Pakravan, Téhéran de jadis (Geneva: Nagel, 1971).

Mohammad-Hossein Papoli-Yazdi, "Le nom des rues à Téhéran," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 345-359.

Xavier de Planhol, "De la ville islamique à la métropole iranienne: quelques aspects du développement contemporain de Téhéran," dans Recherches sur la géographie humaine de l'Iran septentrional (Paris: 1964).

Mohammad Taqi Rahnema'i, "L'extension de Téhéran et les mutations de son environment rural," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 231-250.

Yann Richard, ed., Téhéran au dessous du volcan (Paris: Autrement, 1987).

Jennifer Scarce, "The role of architecture in the creation of Tehran," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 73-94.

Martin Seger, "Strukturelemente der Stadt Teheran und das Modell der modernen orientalischen Stadt," Erdkunde 29 (1975): 21-38.

Martin Seger, "Segregation of retail facilities and the bipolar city centre of Tehran," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 281-299.

Mahmous Taleghani, "Les fonctionnaires à Téhéran," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 299-306.

Paul Vieille and K. Moheni, "Ecologie culturelle d'une ville islamique: Téhéran," Revue Géographique de l'Est 9:3-4 (1969): 315-359.

Paul Vieille, Marché des terrains et société urbaine. Recherche sur la ville de Tehran (Paris: Anthropos, 1970).



William E. Warne, Mission for Peace: Point 4 in Iran (Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Co. Inc. 1956), pp. 151-162 on water of Teheran.

Minouche Yavari, "Permis de construire et banalisation de l'architecture à Téhéran," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 223-230.

Nouchine Yavari-d'Hellencourt, "L'hosseynieh Ershad: un coin islamiste enfoncé au coeur de la capitale," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 329-345.

Mahmud Zand Moqaddam, "Ruspikhaneh-ye shahr," Andisheh va honar 7,2 (Shahrivar Mehr, 1351).

Habibollah Zandjani, "Téhéran et sa population: deux siècles d'histoire," in Chahryar Adle and Bernard Hourcade, eds., Téhéran: Capitale bicentenaire, (Paris and Teheran: Institut Français de Recherche en Iran, 1992), pp. 251-266.


Urmia



Nobuaki Kondo, "Qizilbash Afterwards: The Afshars in Urmiya from the Seventeenth to the Nineteenth Century," Iranian Studies 32:4 (1999): 537-556.

Mohammad Tamaddon, Owz_,-e Ir_n das jang-e jah_ni-ye avval y_ t_rikh-e Rez_'iyeh (Teheran: Ket_bforushi-ye Esl_miyeh, 1971).


Varamin



Mohammad Amini, T_rikh-e ejtem_'i-ye Var_min dar doureh-ye Q_j_r (Teheran: Sah_mi-ye `_m, 1368).

C. Gharatchehdaghi, Landverteilung in Waramin. Ein Auftakt zur Agrarreform im Iran (Opladen, 1967).

Sa`id Vaziri, T_rikh-e Var_min (Var_min: 1358).


Yazd



Michael Bonine, Yazd and its Hinterland: A Central Place System of Dominance in the Central Iranian Plateau. Marburger Geographische Studien, No. 83 ((Marburg: Selbstverlag des Geographischen Instituts der Universität Marburg, 1980). 232 pp.

Mary Boyce, "The Zoroastrian Houses of Yazd," in C.E. Bosworth, ed., Iran and Islam: In Memory of the Late Vladimir Minorsky (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1971), pp. 125-148.

Judith L. Goldstein, "Interwoven Identities: A Study of Religious Communities in Yazd, Iran," PhD dissertation, Princeton University, 1977.

Nile Green, "The Survival of Zoroastrianism in Yazd," Iran: Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies 38 (2000): 115-122.

Napier Malcolm, Five Years in a Persian Town (London: Murray, 1905).

Susan Stiles, "Early Zoroastrian Conversions and the Bahá'í Faith in Yazd," in Juan R. Cole and Moojan Momen, eds., Studies in Bábí and Bahá'í History, Volume Two: From Iran East and West (Los Angeles: Kalimát Press, 1984), pp. 67-94.


Zabol



B. Rist, Die Stadt Z_bol -- Zur wirtschaftlichen und sozialen Entwicklung einer Kleinstadt in Ost-Iran . Sist_n-Projekt I. Marburger Geographische Studien, No. 86 ((Marburg: Selbstverlag des Geographischen Instituts der Universität Marburg, 1981). 245 pp.


ISLANDS




General



J.G. Lorimer, The Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, Oman and Central Arabia vol. 3 (Slough: Archive Editions, 2004), chapter XI "History of the Persian Coast and Islands, 1763-1905."

Hosein Nurbakhsh, Khalij e F_rs va jaz_yer e ir_ni (Teheran: San_'i, 1983).

Jalil Roshandel, "On the Persian Gulf Islands: An Iranian Perspective," in Security in the Persian Gulf (Palgrave, 2002).

Islands and Maritime Boundaries of the Gulf 1798 1960 (Slough: Archive Research Ltd, n.d.).


Absogun



N_ser Takmil Hom_yun, _bsogun y_ jazireh-ye _shur_deh (Teheran: Daftar-e pazhuheshh_-ye farhangi, 1379/2000). 86 pp.


Abu Musa



Davoud H. Bavand, "The Legal Basis of Iran's Sovereignty over Abu Musa Island," in Hooshang Amirahmadi, ed., Small Islands, Big Politics: The Tonbs and Abu Musa in the Persian Gulf (New York: St. Martin's, 1996), pp. 77-116.

Mohammad Reza Dabiri, "Abu Musa Island: A Binding Understanding or a Misunderstading," Iranian Journal of International Affairs 5:3-4 (1993/1994): 575-583.

Ahmad Faroughy, Le Monde Diplomatique, January 1981.

Farhang Mehr, A Colonial Legacy: The Dispute Over the Islands of Abu Musa, and the Greater and Lesser Tunbs (Lanham: University Press of America, 1997). 250 p.

Pirouz Motjtahed-Zadeh, "Perspectives on the Territorial History of the Tonb and Abu Musa Islands," in Hooshang Amirahmadi, ed., Small Islands, Big Politics: The Tonbs and Abu Musa in the Persian Gulf (New York: St. Martin's, 1996), pp. 31-76.

Pirouz Mojtahed-Zadeh, Security and Territoriality in the Persian Gulf (Curzon Press, 1999).

Pirouz Motjtahed-Zadeh, The Islands of Tunb and Abu Musa: An Iranian Argument in Search of Peace and Co-operation in the Persian Gulf (London: SOAS, Centre of Near and Middle Eastern Studies, 1995). 104 pp.

Haggay Ram, "Exporting Iran's Islamic Revolution: Steering a Path between Pan-Islam and Nationalism," Terrorism and Political Violence 8:2 (Summer 1996): 16-21.

Richard Schofield, ed., Arabian Geopolitics 2: The Lower Gulf Islands: Abu Musa and the Tunbs (Slough: Archive Editions, 1993). 5000 pages.

Hussein Sirriyeh, "Conflict over the Gulf Islands of Abu Musa and the Tunbs, 1968 1971," Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 8 (Winter 1984), pp. 73 86.


Hendorabi



Iraj Afsh_r Sist_ni, Jazireh-ye Hendor_bi va dary_-ye P_rs va neg_hi beh jaz_yer-e Farur va Farurgan (Teheran: Hom_, 1993). 210 pp.


Hormoz



Jean Aubin, "Les princes d'Ormuz du XIIIe au XVe siècle," Journal Asiatique 241 (1953): 77-138.

Jean Aubin, "Le royaume d'Ormouz au début du XVIe siècle," Mare luso-indicum 2 (1973).

Jean Aubin, "La politique iranienne d'Ormuz (1515 1540)," Studia [Portugal] 53 (1994): 27 51.

Hans-Georg Carls, Alt-Hormoz, ein historischer Hafen an der Straße von Hormoz (Iran): Retrospekt und Prospekt zu einem ungelösten archäologischen und orientalischen Problem (Munich: Minerva, 1982). 180 p.

Leopold Contzen, "Die Letzten Tage von Ormuz," in Jahresbericht über das Schuljahr 1902 (Bonn: Carl Georgi, Universitäts-Buchdruckerei, 1903), pp. 1-35.

Antonio Dias Farinha, "A dupla conquista de Ormuz por Afonso de Albuquerque," Studia [Portugal] 48 (1989): 445 472.

W. Foster, "A view of Ormus in 1627," Geographical Journal 4 (1894): 160-162.

Edmund M. Herzig, "Hormuz," BRISMES Bulletin 12 (1985).

Valeria Fiorani Piacentini, "La rinascita dell'economia di mercato in Iran: L'emporio e il regno di Hormoz dal 1300 al 1622," Rivista Storica Italiana [Italy] 94:2 (1982): 490 507.

P. Schwarz, "Hurmuz," Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 68 (1914).

Günter Schweizer, Bandar `Abb_s ud Hormoz: Schicksal und Zukunft einer iranischen Hafenstadt am Persischen Golf (Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert, 1972). 30 pages.

A.W. Stiffe, "The Island of Hormúz (Ormuz)," The Geographical Magazine 1 (1874): 12-17.

R. Stübe, Zur Geschichte des Hafens Hormuz (Leipzig, 1912).


Kharg



Jal_l _l e Ahmad, Jazireh ye Kh_rg: dorr e yatim e Khalij e F_rs (Teheran: Sepehr, 1982).

Willem Floor, "The Dutch on Khark Island: A Commercial Mishap," IJMES 24 (August 1992): 441 460.

Willem Floor, "The Dutch on Khark Island: The End of an Era," in Moyen Orient et Océan Indien WVIè-XIXè s. (Paris: L'Harmattan, 1994), pp. 157-202.

Roman Ghirshman, L'île de Khârg (Teheran: 1960).

Pourandokht Khalil Yahyavi, "Aménagement industriel de l'île de Khârg" (Thèse de Doctorat en Géographie, Paris VII, 1972). 171 pages.

Xavier de Planhol, "Les transformations de l'île de Khârg, d'après Pourandokht Khalil Yahyavi," Revue Géographique de l'Est 17:1-2 (1977): 93-97.

A.W. Stiffe, "Persian Gulf Notes: Kharg Island," The Geographical Journal 12 (1898).


Kish



Iraj Afsh_r Sist_ni, Jazireh-ye Kish va Dary_-ye P_rs (Teheran: Jah_n-e Mo`_ser, 1991). 523 p.

A.W. Stiffe, "Ancient Trading Centres of the Persian Gulf: Kais" The Geographical Journal 7 (1896).


Larak



Shahnaz Nadjmabadi, "Identité ethnique contre nationalité: Le cas de l'île L_rak (Golfe Persique)," in Jean-Pierre Digard, ed., Le fait ethnique en Iran et en Afghanistan (Paris: Editions du CNRS, 1988), pp. 65-74.


Qeshm



Hosein Nurbakhsh, Jazireh-ye Qeshm va Khalij-e F_rs (Teheran: Amir Kabir, 1990/91). 563 pages.

L. Pelly, "Visit to Lingah, Kishm and Bunder Abbass," Journal of the Royal Geographical Society 34 (1864): 250-258.


Tunb Islands



Farhang Mehr, A Colonial Legacy: The Dispute Over the Islands of Abu Musa, and the Greater and Lesser Tunbs (Lanham: University Press of America, 1997). 250 p.

Guive Mirfenderski, "The Ownership of the Tonb Islands: A Legal Analysis," in Hooshang Amirahmadi, ed., Small Islands, Big Politics: The Tonbs and Abu Musa in the Persian Gulf (New York: St. Martin's, 1996), pp. 117-160.

Guive Mirfendereski, "The Toponymy of the Tonb Islands," Iranian Studies 29:3-4 (1996): 297-320.

Pirouz Motjtahed-Zadeh, The Islands of Tunb and Abu Musa: An Iranian Argument in Search of Peace and Co-operation in the Persian Gulf (London: SOAS, Centre of Near and Middle Eastern Studies, 1995). 104 pp.

Pirouz Motjtahed-Zadeh, "Perspectives on the Territorial History of the Tonb and Abu Musa Islands," in Hooshang Amirahmadi, ed., Small Islands, Big Politics: The Tonbs and Abu Musa in the Persian Gulf (New York: St. Martin's, 1996), pp. 31-76.

Pirouz Mojtahed-Zadeh, Security and Territoriality in the Persian Gulf (Curzon Press, 1999).

Richard Schofield, ed., Arabian Geopolitics 2: The Lower Gulf Islands: Abu Musa and the Tunbs (Slough: Archive Editions, 1993). 5000 pages.

Hussein Sirriyeh, "Conflict over the Gulf Islands of Abu Musa and the Tunbs, 1968 1971," Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 8 (Winter 1984), pp. 73 86.

Islands and Maritime Boundaries of the Gulf 1798 1960 (Slough: Archive Research Ltd, n.d.).


REGIONAL STUDIES




General



Hooshang Amirahmadi and Farhad Atash, "Dynamics of Provincial Development and Disparity in Iran, 1956-1984," Third World Planning Review 9 (1987).

Hooshang Amirahmadi, "The state and territorial social justice in post-revolutionary Iran," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 13 (1989).

Shaul Bakhash, "Center-Periphery Relations in Nineteenth-Century Iran," Iranian Studies 14 (Winter-Spring 1981).

Daniel Bradburd, Being There: The Necessity of Fieldwork (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1998).

G. Demorgny, Essai sur l'administration de la Perse (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1913).

Charles Melville, "Persian Local Histories: Views from the Wings," Iranian Studies 33:1-2 (Winter/Spring 2000): 7-14.

Klaus M. Röhrborn, Provinzen und Zentralgewalt Persiens im 16. und 17. Jahrhundert (1966).

Roger M. Savory, "Some Notes on the Provincial Administration of the Early Safawid Empire," BSOAS 27 (1964): 114-128, reprinted in Studies on the History of Safavid Iran (London: Variorum Reprints, 1987).

Ahmad Sharbatoghlie, Urbanization and Regional Disparities in Post Revolutionary Iran (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1991).

Torbati Moghaddam, Farhad, "The System of Local Government: The Iranian Case." DAI 1987 47(9): 3551 A. DA8624078 Publication: Claremont Graduate School 1986. 143 pp.

Parvaneh Pourshariati, "Local Historiography in Early Medieval Islam and the T_rikh-i Bayhaq," Iranian Studies 33:1-2 (Winter/Spring 2000): 133-164.

Kian Tajbakhsh, "Political Decentralization and the Creation of Local Government in Iran: Consolidation or Transformation of the Theocratic State?," Social Research 67:2 (Summer 2000): 377-404.


Azarbaijan



Touraj Atabaki, Azerbaijan: Ethnicity and Autonomy in Twentieth-Century Iran (London: British Academic Press, 1993).

Sakina Berengian, Azeri and Persian Literary Works in Twentieth Century Iranian Azerbaijan (Berlin: Schwarz, 1988). 238 pp.

H.E. Chehabi, "Ardabil Becomes a Province: Center-Periphery Relations in the Islamic Republic of Iran," International Journal of Middle East Studies 29 (Spring 1997): 235-253.

James Dee Clark, "The History of the Iranian Province of Azerbaijan, 1848-1914," University of Texas PhD Dissertation, 1999. AAT 9959471

Louise Fawcett, Iran and the Cold War: The Azerbaijan Crisis of 1946 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Jean-Maurice Fiey, "_darb_y__n chrétien," in Jean-Maurice Fiey, Communautés syriaques en Iran et Irak des origines à 1552 (London: Variorum Reprints, 1979).

Walter J. Fischel, "Azarbaijan in Jewish History," Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research (1953): 1-21.

Klaus-Peter Hartmann, Untersuchungen zur Sozialgeographie christlicher Minderheiten im Vorderen Orient (Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1980), pp. 39-114.

Amir Hassanpour, "The Nationalist Movements in Azerbaijan and Kurdistan," in John Foran, ed., A Century of Revolution: Social Movements in Iran (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994), pp. 78-105.

Raoul Motika, Die politische Öffentlichkeit Iranisch-Aserbaidschans während der Konstitutionellen Revolution im Spiegel der Täbriser Zeitung _zarb_y__n (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 2001). 278 pp.

Asghar Nazarian, "Qara Dâ_ ou Qaraca Dâ_ (Azerbaidjan iranien). Etude de géographie humaine," Thèse de doctorat de 3è cycle, Université de Paris IV - Sorbonne. 415 pp.

D.B. Nissman, The Soviet Union and Iranian Azerbaijan: The Use of Nationalism for Political Penetration (Boulder, Colo.: Wetsview, 1987).

Rouhollah K. Ramazani, "The Autonomous Republics of Azerbaijan and Kurdistan: Their Rise and Fall," in Thomas T. Hammond, ed., The Autonomy of Communist Takeovers (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1975).

Samad Sard_rini_, Tabriz dar nehzat-e tanb_ku.

Samad Sard_rini_, Azarb_ij_n: Pishg_m-e j_me`eh-ye madani (Tabriz: h_di, 1377/1998). 152 pp.

Hasan Taqizadeh, "The Background of the Constitutional Movement in Azerbayjan," Middle East Journal (Autumn 1960): 456-465.


Baluchestan



R.M. Burrell, "Arms and Afghans in Makr_n: an episode in Anglo-Persian relations 1905-1912," Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 49 (1986): 8-24.

Sepahbod Am_noll_h Jah_nb_ni, Sargozasht-e Baluchest_n (Teheran: 1939).

Eckhard Jungfer, Das nordöstliche Djaz-Murian-Becken zwischen Bazman und Dalgan (Iran). Sein Nutzungspotential in Abhängigkeit von den hydrologischen Verhältnissen, Sonderbände der Erlanger Geographischen Arbeiten, Sonderband 8 (Erlangen, 1978). 176 pp.

J.G. Lorimer, The Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, Oman and Central Arabia vol. 3 (Slough: Archive Editions, 2004), chapter XII "History of Persian Makran, 1614-1905.

Euan Smith, "The Perso-Baluch Frontier Mission, 1870-71," in Frederic J. Goldsmid, ed., Eastern Persia, an Account of the Journeys of the Persian Boundary Commission (London: Macmillan, 1876).

B.J. Spooner, "Religious and Political Leadership in Persian Baluchistan: A Study in the Confusion of Spiritual and Temporal Authority," D.Phil. dissertation, Oxford, 1966-67.

Brian Spooner, "Notes on the toponymy of the Persian Makran," in C.E. Bosworth, ed., Iran and Islam: In Memory of the Late Vladimir Minorsky (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1971), pp. 517-534.

Otfried R. Weise, "The natural resources of the _asm_riy_n desert in Balucestan (S.E. Iran) with regard to the development of agriculture," in Günther Schweizer, ed., Interdisziplinäre Iran Forschung: Beiträge aus Kulturgeographie, Ethnologie, Soziologie, und neuerer Geschichte (Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 1979), pp. 25-42.


Caspian Region



Christian Bromberger, "Les blagues ethniques dans le nord de l'Iran," Cahiers de littérature orale no. 20 (1986): 73-99.

Jean-Maurice Fiey, "Les provinces sud-caspiennes des Eglises syriennes," in Jean-Maurice Fiey, Communautés syriaques en Iran et Irak des origines à 1552 (London: Variorum Reprints, 1979).

Ali Geranmayeh, "The Caspian Sea in Iranian History and Politics," Central Asian Quarterly 2:3 (Summer 1995).

Jonas Hanway, The British Trade over the Caspian Sea (London: Didsly, 1753).

William Richard Holmes, Sketches on the Shores of the Caspian (London: Richard Bentley, 1845).

M.S. Khan, "The Early History of Zayd_ Sh_`ism in Daylam_n and G_l_n," Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 125 (1975): 301-314.

Guive Mirfendereski, A Diplomatic History of the Caspian Sea: Treaties, Diaries, and Other Stories (New York: St. Martin's, 2001).

N. von Seidlitz, "Handel und Wandel an der Kaspischen Süd-Küste," Petermanns Mitteilungen 15 (1869): 98-103 and 255-268.

John F. Standish, Persia and the Gulf: Retrospect and Prospect (New York: St. Martin, 1998), pp. 23-32: "The Caspian Gates."


Central Desert



Richard N. Frye, "By_b_nak: The Oases of Central Iran," The Central Asian Journal 5 (1960).

John F. Standish, Persia and the Gulf: Retrospect and Prospect (New York: St. Martin, 1998), pp. 59-72: "The Persian Lut."

Abolq_sem Toghr_ Yaghm_'i, Khur dar _'ineh-ye zam_n: T_rikh-e mardom-e Khur va Biy_b_nak.


Fars



Ibn Al-Balkhi, Description of the Province of Fars, trans. G. Le Strange (London, 1912, 1952, 1998).

Touraj Daryaee, "The Collapse of the Sasanian Power in Fars/Persis," N_me-ye Ir_n-e B_st_n 2:1 (Spring-Summer 2002): 3-18.

Touraj Daryaee, "The Effect of the Arab Muslim Conquest on the Administrative Division of Sasanian Persis/Fars," Iran 41 (2003): 193-204.

Vincent Monteil, Les tribus du Fârs et la sédentarisation des nomades (The Hague: Mouton et Cie., 1966).


Gilan



Christian Bromberger, Habitat, architecture et société rurale dans la plaine du Gilân (Paris: Unesco, 1986).

Christian Bromberger, "Changements techniques et transformation des rapports sociaux. La sériciculture au Gilân dans la seconde moitié du XIXè siècle," in Yann Richard, Entre l'Iran et l'Occident (Paris: Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, 1989), pp. 71-90.

Jean Calmard, "Les rituels shiites et le pouvoir," in Calmard., ed., Etudes Safavides (Paris: IFRI, 1993), pp. 111-112.

A. Chodzko, "Le Ghilan ou les marais caspiens," Nouvelles annales des voyages et des sciences géographiques (February 1850): 193-215.

Vladimir Genis, "Les bolcheviks au Guilan: la chute du gouvernement de Koutchek Khan," Cahiers du Monde Russe 40:3 (1999): 459-495.

H.-L. Rabino, "La culture du riz au Guilân (Perse) et dans les autres provinces du sud de la Caspienne, Annales de l'Ecole Nationale d'Agriculture de Montpellier 10 (1910): 130-163.

H.-L. Rabino, "Les provinces caspiennes de la Perse: le Guilân," Revue du Monde Musulman (1915-16).

Edith Ybert-Chabrier, "Gilan, 1917-1920: The Jengelist Movement According to the Memoirs of Ihsan Allah Khan," Central Asian Survey 2:3 (November 1983).


Gorgan



S. Okazaki, The Development of Large-Scale Farming in Iran: The Case of the Province of Gorgan (Tokyo: The Institute for Asian Economic Affairs, 1968).


Kerman



C.E. Bosworth, "The Banu Ily_s of Kirm_n," in C.E. Bosworth, ed., Iran and Islam: In Memory of the Late Vladimir Minorsky (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1971), pp. 107-124.

Malek Iradj Mochiri, "Kirman, terre de turbulence," Iran: Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies 38 (2000): 33-48.

Khorasan

Jean Aubin, "Réseau pastoral et réseau caravanier. Les grand' routes du Khurassan à l'époque mongole," Le Monde iranien et l'Islam (Geneva: Droz, and Paris: Minard, 1971), pp. 105-130.

Ali Barzegar, Gozar e sarzamin e izad (Teheran: author, 1370). Change in Bajestan, a district in southern Khorasan.

Jean-Maurice Fiey, "Chrétientés syriaques du Hor_s_n et du Ségest_n," in Jean-Maurice Fiey, Communautés syriaques en Iran et Irak des origines à 1552 (London: Variorum Reprints, 1979).

Schahnaz Nadjmabadi, "Die Sozio-ökonomischen Folgen der Anlage von Tiefbrunnen am Beispiel von Dašt-e Kar_t (Hor_s_n)," in Günther Schweizer, ed., Interdisziplinäre Iran Forschung: Beiträge aus Kulturgeographie, Ethnologie, Soziologie, und neuerer Geschichte (Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 1979), pp. 59-70.

Mohammad-Hossein Papoli-Yazdi, "La motorisation des moyens de transport et ses conséquences chez les nomades kurdes du Khorâssân (Iran)," Revue géographique de l'Est 12:1-2 (1982): 99-115.

Mohammad-Hossein Papoli-Yazdi, "La 'baratte mécanique' chez les nomades et semi-nomades du Khorâssân septentrional. Les conséquences sociales de son adoption," Studia Iranica 12:1 (1983): 95-113.

Jürgen Paul, "The Histories of Herat," Iranian Studies 33:1-2 (Winter/Spring 2000): 93-116.

Xavier de Planhol, "Front pionnier et développement agricole dans la plaine de Sarahs et la vallée du Te_en (Hor_s_n)," in Günther Schweizer, ed., Interdisziplinäre Iran Forschung: Beiträge aus Kulturgeographie, Ethnologie, Soziologie, und neuerer Geschichte (Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert, 1979), pp. 17-24

M.A. Shaban, "Khur_s_n at the time of the Arab conquest," in C.E. Bosworth, ed., Iran and Islam: In Memory of the Late Vladimir Minorsky (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1971), pp. 479-490.

C.E. Yate, Khurasan and Sistan (Edinburgh: William Blackwood, 1900).


Khuzistan



I. Djazani, Wirtschaft und Bevölkerung in Khuzistan und ihr Wandel unter dem Einfluß des Erdöls, Tübinger Geographische Studien, H. 8 (Tübingen, 1963). 115 pp.

E. Ehlers, Traditionelle und moderne Formen der Landwirtschaft in Iran and G. Goodell, Agricultural Production in a Traditional Village in Northern Khuzestan. Marburger Geographische Studien, No. 64 ((Marburg: Selbstverlag des Geographischen Instituts der Universität Marburg, 1975). 289 pp.

J.G. Lorimer, The Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, Oman and Central Arabia vol. 3 (Slough: Archive Editions, 2004), chapter X "History of Arabistan, 1604-1905."

Pierre Oberling, "The Turkic Tribes of South-Western Persia," Ural-Altaische Jahrbücher 35:2 (1///): 164-180.

John Perry, "The Ban_ Ka`b: an amphibious brigand state in Kh_zist_n," Le Monde iranien et l'Islam (Geneva: Droz, and Paris: Minard, 1971), pp. 131-152.

Susan P. Silsby, "Capital Development and Land Reform in Khuzistan, Iran," RIPEH 4:1 (Spring 1980): 34-67.

Svat Soucek, "Arabistan or Khuzistan," Iranian Studies 27:2-3 (Spring-Summer 1984).


Kurdistan



Amir Hassanpour, "The Nationalist Movements in Azerbaijan and Kurdistan," in John Foran, ed., A Century of Revolution: Social Movements in Iran (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994), pp. 78-105.

Rouhollah K. Ramazani, "The Autonomous Republics of Azerbaijan and Kurdistan: Their Rise and Fall," in Thomas T. Hammond, ed., The Autonomy of Communist Takeovers (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1975).

Ora Shwartz Be'eri, The Jews of Kurdistan: Daily Life, Customs, Arts, and Crafts (Jerusalem: Israel Museum, 1997).


Larestan



Dorit Schön, Laristan -- eine südpersische Küstenprovinz. Ein Beitrag zu seiner Geschichte (Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1990). 96 pages.


Mazandaran



Horst Kopp, Städte im östlichen Kaspitiefland. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der jüngeren Entwicklung orientalischer Mittel- und Kleinstädte, Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Heft 33 (Erlangen, 1973). 169 pp.

Charles Melville, "The Caspian Provinces: A World Apart: Three Local Histories of Mazandaran," Iranian Studies 33:1-2 (Winter/Spring 2000): 93-116.

Guive Mirfendereski, A Diplomatic History of the Caspian Sea: Treaties, Diaries, and Other Stories (New York: St. Martin's, 2001)

William J. Olson, "The Mazanderan Development Project and Haji Mohammad Hassan: A Study in Persian Entrepreneurship, 1884-1898," in Elie Kedourie and Sylvia G. Haim, eds., Towards a Modern Iran: Studies in Thought, Politics, and Society (London: Frank Cass, 1980), pp. 36-55.


Persian Gulf



C. Edmund Bosworth, "The Nomenclature in the Persian Gulf," in Alvin J. Cottrell, ed., The Persian Gulf: A General Survey (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980), reprinted in Iranian Studies 30-1-2 (Winter-Spring 1997).

A. Gabriel, "Kultur und Wirtschaftszentren an den Küsten des Persischen Golfes in historisch-geographischer Sicht," in Festschrift L. Seidl (Vienna, 1967), pp. 33-55.


Qa'enat



Pirouz Mojtahed-Zadeh, The Amir of the Borderlands and Eastern Iranian Borders (London: Urosevic Foundation, 1995).


Qazvin



S. Sharar, "Das Entwicklungsprojekt Qazvin," Zeitschrift für ausländische Landwirtschaft 7:4 (1968): 371-380.


Sistan



C. Edmund Bosworth, "Sistan and Its Local Histories," Iranian Studies 33:1-2 (Winter/Spring 2000): 31-44.

Rose L. Greaves, "Sist_n in British Indian frontier policy,"